The Abramtsevo art circle

the Last third of the XIX century — beginning of the twentieth century

Participants: M. M. Antokolsky, V. M. Vasnetsov, A. M. Vasnetsov, P. K. Vaulin, M. A. Vrubel, A. Golovin, . Y. Davydov, A. Kiselev, K. A. Korovin, . Kuznetsov, Levitan, S. I. Mamontov, A. S. Mamontov, . V. Nevrev, M. V. Nesterov, I. S. Ostroukhov, V. D. Polenov, E. D. Polenova, A. V. and M. V. Prahova, Repin, V. A. Serov, p. P. Trubetskoy, M. V. Yakunchikova, M. F. Yakunchikova and others.

Creative community of artists, writers, theater workers. Formed around the art patron Savva Mamontov. Meetings of participants were held in the house on the Garden mammoth-Спасской street in Moscow, in the summer months — in Moscow Abramtsevo estate near Sergiyev Posad.

the Club was not an official society or art group, it nevertheless had a certain aesthetic tendency. His activities were connected with the study of Russian history and culture, the pursuit of synthesis of arts (architecture, painting, graphics, sculpture, scenography, theatre, and creative-прикладного art), the desire to "revive" the tradition of folk art. Thus, the Circle program was largely in tune with the art centre of M. K. Tenisheva in Talashkino, Smolensk province.

the Estate of Abramtsevo, gave the name of the Commonwealth, became one of the largest centers of Russian artistic life of the last third of the nineteenth century. It was purchased Mamontov, the writer S. T. Aksakov (1870). In 1870-х — 1900-х formed the ensemble of the estate: to the already existing main house was added the building of sculpture (1873, architect. V. A. Hartmann), bath-теремок (1877-1878, architect. I. P. Ropet), Church of the Saviour (1881-1882 architect. V. M. Vasnetsov, V. D. Polenov), gazebo "Hut on chicken legs" (1883, architect. V. M. Vasnetsov), ceramic bench (1900-е, ed. M. A. Vrubel).

In Abramtsevo and its surroundings was created many works of Russian painting — painting "religious Procession in Kursk province" (1880-1883), "unexpected" (1884-1888) Repin, "Alyonushka" (1881), "Bogatyrs" (1881-1898) V. M. Vasnetsov, "Girl with peaches" V. A. Serov, "Vision lad Bartholomew" (1889-1890) M. V. Nesterov and others. Artists actively participated in the design of Amateur performances that are regularly staged at Abramtsevo stage (from 1878). In 1885 in Abramtsevo were organized joiner's-резчицкая workshop, which in different times was headed by E. D. Polenova, M. F. Yakunchikova, . Y. Davydov; workshop is engaged in manufacturing of carved and painted furniture, and household items. In 1890 was opened a ceramic workshop, which was led M. A. Vrubel.

In 1893 to celebrate 15-летия Mug was released the anniversary album "Chronicle of our artistic circle".

the Activities of the Abramtsevo artists have had a significant influence on the formation of art Nouveau and neo-Russian style of art. On the estate of S. T. Aksakov — Mamontov currently open historical-художественный and literary Museum-заповедник "Abramtsevo".

Sources:

1. E. Paston In. Abramtsevo. Art and life. M., 2003.
2. Russian artists. Encyclopedic dictionary. SPb.,2000.

Индексы арт-рынка ARTIMX
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13/07
1502.83
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13/07
1502.83
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