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Выдача займов под залог картин и скульптур XIX-XXI веков

Первый профессиональный сервис по выдаче займов под залог произведений искусства

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1848–1926  

VASNETSOV Viktor Mikhailovich

May 3, 1848 (Lopyal village, Vyatka province) — July 23, 1926 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist, architect, master of applied arts, sculptor


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Васнецов, Виктор Михайлович

Biography

VASNETSOV Viktor Mikhailovich

May 3, 1848 (Lopyal village, Vyatka province) — July 23, 1926 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist, architect, master of applied arts, sculptor

Viktor Vasnetsov was born to a family of village priest, was an elder brother of the artist Apollinary Vasnetsov. He studied at Vyatka religious school, later at the Theological Seminary in Vyatka (not finished), where he took first lessons in drawing by N. A. Chernyshov.

In 1867 Vasnetsov moved to St. Peterburg, attended for some months the classes of I. N. Kramskoy at the Drawing school under the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts (OPKh). In 1868 he entered the Imperial Academy of Arts (IAKh), studied under the guidance of the artists P. V. Basin, V. P. Vereshchagin, S. M. Vorobiev and P. P. Chistyakov. In 1869 Vasnetsov was awarded small silver medals for the Two Male Nudes and a drawing from nature. A year later the artist was awarded big silver medal for sketch to the painting Christ and Pilatus. Vasnetsov graduated form the Academy in 1874. Since the same year he began to participate in the exhibitions of the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (TPKhV), and became member of the Society in 1878.

In 1876–1877 the artist made a trip to Paris, in 1877 he showed his works at the Salon in Paris. After returning from France, he lived for some time in Vyatka and in St. Petersburg, in 1878 he moved to Moscow. Vasnetsov became good friends with S. I. Mamontov. Summers times in 1879–1880 the artist spent in the village of Akhtyrka, not far from Mamontov’s estate Abramtsevo near Moscow. In 1881–1885 he often worked in the Mamontov’s estate during summer months. Vasnetsov took part in the Abramtsevo art circle, in theatrical and literary soirees in the house of Mamontov. In 1881–1882 the artist designed the home performance The Snow Maiden after the play by A. N. Ostrovsky. In the same years Vasnetsov with V. D. Polenov performed the project of the Church of the Vernicle with chapel in Abramtsevo. The artist was engaged in construction and design of the Church, in particular he painted a series of icons for iconostasis, painted choir-places, created a sketch of mosaic floor. In 1883 the summerhouse Hut on Chicken Legs was built under the Vasnetsov’s design in the park of Abramtsevo. In 1883-1884 Vasnetsov worked on pictorial panel frieze The Stone Age by the order of the Russian State Historical Museum.

The artist became very popular due to his paintings. Vasnetsov’s works were in the largest private collections of Russian art of the second half of the 19th — beginning of the 20th centuries: collections of P. M. Tretyakov, K. T. Soldatenkov, I. S. Ostroukhov, S. A. Bakhrushin, S. I. Mamontov, I. E. Tsvetkov, M. P. Ryabushinsky, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia and many others.

Vasnetsov worked as a scene-designer for the Russian private opera of Mamontov; he created scene and costume designs for the performances The Snow Maiden by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, Rusalka by A. S. Dargomyzhsky, The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini (all — 1885), Scarlet Rose by N. S. Krotkov (1886), The Enchantress by P. I. Tchaikovsky. Since 1885 the artist worked in joinery and engraving workshop, since 1890 — in pottery in Abramtsevo; he was also one of the founders of the Museum of Folk Art. In 1890s–1900s Vasnetsov worked on the furniture designs for the Handicraft Museum of Moscow Province Zemstvo and for the workshops in Sergiev Posad.

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