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Выдача займов под залог картин и скульптур XIX-XXI веков

Первый профессиональный сервис по выдаче займов под залог произведений искусства

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1860–1900  

LEVITAN Isaak Il’ich

August 18, 1860 (Kybartai, near Verzhbolovo, Suwalki province) — July 22, 1900 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist


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Левитан, Исаак Ильич

Biography

LEVITAN Isaak Il’ich

August 18, 1860 (Kybartai, near Verzhbolovo, Suwalki province) — July 22, 1900 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist

Isaak Levitan was born to poor Jewish family of railwayman. He was interested in drawing since early childhood. In 1873 Levitan entered Moscow School of painting, sculpture and architecture (MUZhVZ), studied under the guidance of V. G. Perov, A. K. Savrasov, and V. D. Polenov. In 1877 he was awarded small silver medals for the paintings Evening and Sunny Day. Spring, in 1878 — for landscape executed for examination at MUZhVZ, in 1881 — for the drawing from nature. In 1884–1885 he missed classes at MUZhVZ, but he was listed as a student of the School. In 1886 Levitan graduated from MUZhVZ with the title of non-class (free) artist.

Levitan lived in Moscow. The artist’s first paintings brought fame to him. In 1880 Levitan’s painting Autumn Day. Sokolniki was bought from the exhibition of MUZhVZ by the collector P. M. Tretyakov, who became later one of the major customers of the works by the artist.

In 1881–1882 Levitan gave private lessons in painting and drawing. Levitan worked for the Moskva (“Moscow”), Raduga (“Rainbow”) and Volna (“Wave”) magazines, in which his drawings and lithographs were published. Since 1884 Levitan took part in drawing evenings and watercolour mornings in the house of Polenov. In the same years he became close friends with S. I. Mamontov and members of the Abramtsevo art circle. In 1884–1886 the artist worked at the design studio of the S. Mamontov’s Russian private opera in Moscow. Levitan created scene design for the performances Rusalka by A. S. Dargomyzhsky, Faust by Charles Gounod, The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini, Les Huguenots by Giacomo Meyerbeer, A Life for the Tsar by M. I. Glinka, The Snow Maiden by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov (all — 1885), The Scarlet Rose by N. S. Krotkov (1886).

Every year the painter made trips to localities near Moscow and midland of Russia. In 1884 Levitan together with V. V. Perepletchikov made a lot of sketches in Savvinskaya Sloboda (village) near Zvenigorod. In 1885–1886 the painter visited Abramtsevo and worked there on landscape sketches. In 1886 and in 1899 Levitan travelled to the Crimea. In 1887–1890 during spring and summer months, the artist travelled along the Volga River, visited several times Ples, where he painted the major part of his works from so called Volga Cycle. In 1890s Levitan travelled to Europe: in 1890 he visited Berlin, Paris, Nice, Bordighera, Menton, Venice and Florence; in 1894 — Vienna, Nice, Lace Como, and Paris; in 1896 — Finland; in 1897 — Vienna, North Italy, Genoa, resort Nauheim in Germany; in 1898 — Nauheim, Munich and Paris.

From 1884 till 1900 the artist took part in the exhibitions of the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (TPKhV); in 1891 he became a member of the Society. Since 1887 Levitan was an active participant of the exhibitions of Moscow Society of Art Lovers; he was a member of committee of the Society; he was also often elected a member of the commission for awarding prizes by the Society. In 1896 the common exhibition of works by Levitan and V. A. Simov was held in Odessa. In 1897 the artist joined the Munich Secession. In 1899–1900 he exhibited his works at the exhibitions of the group Mir Iskusstva (“World of Art”). In 1896 paintings by Levitan were shown at the All-Russian Industrial and Agricultural Exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod, in 1900 — at Russian section of Paris World Fair.

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