The Organization of Contemporary Architects

1925-1932, Moscow

Members-учредители: A. A. Vesnin, M. O. bars, A. K. Burov, , Ginzburg, J. A. Kornfeld, P. A. Krasil'nikov, K. S. Melnikov, A. S. Nikol'skii, M. I. Sinyavsky and others

Members: K. N. Afanas'ev, G. G. Vegman, V. A. Vesnin, L. A. Vesnin, V. N. Vladimirov, A. M. Gan, I. A. Golosov, P. A. Votes, G. P. Goltz, L. K. Komarov, . S. Kuzmin, I. I. Leonidov, I. F. Milinis, I. S. Nikolaev, P. I. Novitsky, G. M. Orlov, M. A. Okhitovich, A. L. Pasternak, I. I. Lobachevsky, A. M. Rodchenko, I. N. Sobolev, . B. Sokolov, V. F. Stepanova, R. J. Heeger, F. I. Alukin and others.

Exhibitions: 1-я exhibition of modern architecture — 1927 (Moscow).

the Official creative Association of constructivists. Based at gakhn; Statute drawn up on 10 December 1925, the first organizational meeting convened on December 19, 1925. Chairman elected A. A. Vesnin. In a new society has entered the VKhUTEMAS students, Institute of civil engineers, a group of "producers-конструктивистов", architectural group LEF. The concept was different from the credo of ASNOVA (Association of new architects) and MAO (Moscow architectural society): OSA was not only architects, but also producers, the goal of a collective decision of the architectural-строительных problems, the implementation of new architectural forms. A. M. Gan formulated the concept of enterprises as a Trinity: "the work method and organization." , Ginzburg, one of the leading theorists of the OSA, described the goal of modern architecture as rational organization of production-бытовых processes.

was created by Leningrad (Chairman — A. S. Nikol'skii) and Sverdlovsk (Chairman — I. I. Lobachevsky) branch of the OSA.

the Association published a magazine "Modern architecture" (1926-1930, 6 issues per year). The main editors were A. A. Vesnin and , Ginzburg, the editorial Board consisted of Le Corbusier, A. M. Gan, V. A. Vesnin, P. I. Novitsky, M. O. bars, A. K. Burov, I. I. Leonidov. The design of the magazine studied A. M. Rodchenko, V. F. Stepanova, A. M. Gan. The cooperation has brought leading European and Russian architects — Le Corbusier, L. Mies van der Rohe, W. Gropius, Y. G. Chernikhov and others. The magazine promoted the program of constructivism, was devoted to the issues of modern town planning, residential, industrial, rural architecture, theory of architecture. The first number opened by the competitive project of the building of the Moscow branch of the newspaper Leningrad Pravda (1924, architect. vesnins brothers).

1926 WASP was in acute controversy with ASNOVA on the main issues of architectural creativity. OSA was criticized for formalism ASNOVA; the members of the Association objected to the separation of architectural issues from utilitarian needs; sought to the emotional impact of the new architecture through a system of building new social structures, the highest quality all of its parts, the interaction of the architectural elements (plane, volume, spatial relationships, scale, texture, color). In turn ASNOVA criticized the OCA for underestimating the values of architectural forms.

the members of the OCA was engaged inactive architectural practice, both independently and as a team. Created such software projects as: the Institute of library science to them. V. I. Lenin on Lenin hills (1927, architect. I. I. Leonidov), Planetarium (1927, architect. M. O. bars, M. I. Sinyavsky), the Narkomfin Building (1928, architect. , Ginzburg, I. F. Milinis), house-коммуна "Music of the future" (1929, architect. N. S. Kuzmin). Members of the OSA participated in many architectural competitions: on the project Home industry in Moscow (1929, architect. I. I. Leonidov), Dnieper (1929, architect. vesnins brothers, 1-я prize), Palace of culture of Proletarsky district of Moscow (1930, architect. vesnins brothers, 1-я prize), the Theatre of mass musical event in Kharkov (1930, architect. vesnins brothers, 1-я prize), Synthetic theatre in Sverdlovsk (1931, architect. , Ginzburg, 1-я prize), the reconstruction of the Serpukhovskaya Zastava in Moscow (1931, a team of OSA. I. I. Leonidov), of the Palace of Soviets in Moscow (1931) and others.

In 1927, held the first exhibition of modern architecture organised by OCA in cooperation with Narkomprosa. The Association participated in the international exhibition of architecture in new-Йорке. In 1928, held its first conference in 1929 — the first Congress of the OSA.

In 1930 on the rights of the sector (the sector of architects of socialist construction — SASS) entered the Moscow regional branch of all-Union architectural-научного society (MOVANO).

Since the early 1930-х OSA has been criticized. In particular, P. Osipov in the magazine "art to the masses," wrote: "Denying the value and role of art as an ideological factor, the constructivists falling into the camp of our enemies and unknowingly contribute to them... Replacing the architecture, engineering, OSA brings the importance of architecture as a field is narrow-идеологической, to the beauty, the slogan of which is @ldquo;смерть искусству...” Summing up the work of the constructivists in contemporary architecture, it should be said that if the technology field they have great services (new material, standardization, typification, etc.) ideologically it is a solid individualism and the dominance of technicism over art... our constructivists, despite their formal and technical achievements, still largely following in the footsteps of their Western counterparts and are almost indistinguishable from the last. And espouse the only difference is that they are building a house-коммуны, and Western — mansions, is extremely unconvincing, as constructivists of our move abroad, they will feel the same way as West, and also would build houses and individual apartments according to the taste of the bourgeoisie".

In 1932 the activities of the Association ceased on the decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) "On restructuring literary-художественных organizations."

Sources:

1. From the history of Soviet architecture 1926—1932. Documents and materials. Creative enterprises, Moscow, 1970. P. 65-105.
2. T. Kotovich In. Encyclopedia of Russian avant-garde. Minsk, 2003. P. 231-232.
3. P. Osipov "OSA" — "ASNOVA" // Art to the masses, 1930, No. 7. Pp. 6-9.
4. Khan-Магомедов S.. At the origins of formation of ASNOVA and OSA: two architectural groups Inhuka. M., 1994.

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