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Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Arkan 1870–1939  

Рылов, Аркадий Александрович


RYLOV Arkady

January 17, 1870 (s Istobenskoe Vyatka Province) - June 22, 1939 (Leningrad)

painter and graphic artist.

born in a family servant. In 1888-1891 he studied at the Central School of Technical Drawing of Baron Alexander Stieglitz in KY Kryzhitsky Drawing School and the Society for the Encouragement of Arts. In 1894, he enrolled in the Higher Art School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture at IAH, was engaged in the workshop AIKuindzhi. In 1897, for the painting "The Raid on Pechenegs Slavic village" was the title of the artist. A year later, together with other students Kuindzhi traveled to Germany, France, Austria, organized and financed Kuinji. From 1898, he participated in the Spring exhibition in the halls of the Academy of Arts.

lived in St. Petersburg (Petrograd, Leningrad). In 1901, for his work "On the banks of the Vyatka" was awarded a gold medal at the International Art Exhibition in Munich. In 1902 entered the World of Art ". Has exhibited his paintings at exhibitions as "36 artists" (from 1901), Vienna Secession (1902), the New Society of Artists (from 1905), the Moscow Association of Artists (1908), Salon VA Izdebsky (1909-1910 ). In 1906-1907 took part in exhibitions of Russian art, organized by SP Diaghilev in Paris and Berlin. In 1909 he was one of the founders of the Society Kuinji. In 1911 became a member and regular exhibitor of the Union of Russian Artists.

worked in the field of magazine charts, under the alias Arkan acted drawings for the magazine "Theater and art." A party drawing evenings ES Zarudny-Kavos. In 1900-s-1910-x has repeatedly traveled to Crimea, the Caucasus, Finland, Vitebsk, Voronezh, Samara, Orel province. In 1912, visited Stockholm. From 1902 to 1918 led animalistic class in Drawing School Society for the Encouragement of Arts. In 1915 he was elected an academician.

After the October Revolution of 1917 he taught at the Petrograd free art workshops in 1923 - in VHUTEMAS, since 1925 - in VHUTEINe. Parallel studies conducted in 1919-1923 in the Naval Academy, in 1923-1926 he taught at the Leningrad Technical School of Industrial Art.

in 1920 in Petrograd the first solo exhibition of the artist, followed by exhibitions in 1934-1935 in Leningrad and Moscow. In 1924-1925 work Rylova exhibited at an exhibition of Russian art in New York. Since 1923 he was a member of the Community of Artists "in 1925 joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AHRR). In 1925-1928 he was the chairman of the Society Kuindzhi.

In 1935 he was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR.

in 1936-1937 created the illustrations for books V. Bianchi, "The Mansion" and "Tales trapper. In 1936 a book of essays about the nature of "How it happens," which accompanied his own watercolors (published in 1946).

Retrospective exhibition of works Rylova were organized in the State Russian Museum (1940, 1962), the Scientific Research Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1970). In 1990 a retrospective was held masters in Kirov.

in 1977 were published memoirs of the artist.

Rylov - one of the greatest masters of the first half of XX century, who continued his work in the tradition of Russian landscape school, in particular Kuinji. The distinctive features of his art are the romantic sublime, often epic, the motif images, attention to the effects of lighting, decorative understanding of color. The artist had worked from nature, but in the open air, usually created only sketches, preferring to paint in the studio. The color palette of his paintings in mostly dense, rich.

In different periods of his artistic activity Rylov was influenced by impressionism and art nouveau. The heyday of his work falls on 1900-s - 1910's, when they were created the most famous works - "On the banks of the Vyatka" (1901), "Green Noise" (1904), "Birches" (1916), "In Blue Space "(1918) and others.

Rylova works are in many museum and private collections in Russia, among them the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum and the Kiev Museum of Russian Art

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