The association The Left Front of the Arts

1922-1930, Moscow (1922-1928 — Left front of the arts, 1929-1930 — Revolutionary cultural front)

Members and participants: B. I. Arvatov, N. N. Aseev, O. M. Brik, A. K. Burov, Dziga Vertov, A. A. Vesnin K. Johanson, V. Kamensky, S. I. Kirsanov, G. G. Klutsis, G. M. Kozintsev, A. Kruchenykh, L. V. Kuleshov, B. A. Kushner, A. M. Lavinsky, V. V. Mayakovsky, B. L. Pasternak, L. S. Popova, A. M. Rodchenko, S. Y. Senkin, V. F. Stepanova, V. E. Tatlin, L. Z. Trauberg, S. M. Tretyakov, N. F. Chuzhak, V. B. Shklovskii, E. I. Shub, S. M. Eisenstein, S. I. Yutkevich and others.

Literary-художественное Association; founded in late 1922. The design was preceded by an attempt to create a politico-просветительской organization "Compute (the Communists — futurists") and the publication of the "Art commune" (1918-1919). The Union fought for the approval of a new revolutionary art — Kubo-футуризма and constructivism in contrast to the classical cultural heritage. The members of LEF proclaimed Kubo-футуризм "genuinely proletarian art" and were descended from the Manifesto "a slap in the face to public taste" (1912).

the Goal of LEF — submission of art purely propaganda and production tasks. The theorists of LEF advanced utopian conception of art as "genestrerio", i.e. the formation of a new living environment and ultimately a new person. Speaking against the development of easel art, advocated the production art and "social order"; cultivated propaganda and documentary, photography, film, literature — report, the actual essay. In the words of O. M. Brik, "art culture of the future is created in factories, not workshops in the attic" (LEF, 1924, № 2).

Ideas were in the 1920s-х widespread; branch of the Society appeared in Odessa (South-ЛЕФ), Kazan (Tat-ЛЕФ), Ivanovo-Вознесенске, Baku, Tiflis. To lipovcan adjacent Siberian literary group "the Present", the "new Generation", the Belarusian — "Literary-мастацка commune".

Extended the Lef program "industrial arts" had a significant impact on the practice of VKhUTEMAS — Vhuteina and Inhale. In 1925 architects — members of the LEF was founded Association of contemporary architects (OSA).

By definition V. V. Mayakovsky, the LEF consists of several feature groups: saumlaki ("employees working over the word as an end in itself"), Industrialists, constructivists, futurists, formalists, newspaper workers, "Gramsci" (theatre), theorists of art, the lyrics ("work on the phrasing, the new syntax).

, edited by V. V. Mayakovsky were published in the journal "LEF" (1923-1925) and "New LEF" (1927-1928); by the editorial Board members were B. I. Arvatov, N. N. Aseev, O. M. Brik, B. Kushner, S. M. Tretyakov, N. F. Stranger.

the First issue was published in March 1923; the artwork was created A. M. Rodchenko. The magazine had five main sections: the program, practice, theory, book, facts. Software article wrote V. V. Mayakovsky: "fighting For what is LEF?", "Who bites LEF?", "Who warns of LEF?".

In the article "fighting For what is LEF?" proclaimed: "the work on strengthening the gains of the October revolution, strengthening the leftwing arts, the LEF will agitate art with the ideas of the commune, opening for art the road to tomorrow. LEF will agitate our art mass, getting in their organizational strength. LEF will confirm our theories of effective art, raising it to a higher qualification. LEF will fight for the art — the building blocks of life. We do not claim to monopolize revolutionary in art. Find out the competition. We believe — correctness of our campaign, the power of doing things we will prove We are on the right track to the future". In the article "who bites LEF?" stated: "We struggled with the old way of life. We will fight with the remnants of this life today... Our weapon — example of agitation propaganda." In all there were 7 rooms, last — in January 1925.

From 1927 he published "New LEF"; the editorial Board also includes S. I. Kirsanov, A. M. Lavinsky, B. L. Pasternak, A. M. Rodchenko, V. F. Stepanova V. B. Shklovsky, S. M. Eisenstein. In late period, the ideologists of the Association focused mainly on questions of literature. The members of LEF argued with the literary group "October" and the Russian Association of proletarian writers.

In 1929, the LEF was renamed the REF ("Revolutionary front of art"), which was formally the new Association. V. V. Mayakovsky wrote: "above all, we must say that we did not abandon our past work as a futurist, and as compucom, and finally as lipovtsev... We cover now our main literary slogan "what to do", that is, we establish the primacy of the goals and on the content and the form." In the summer of 1929 V. V. Mayakovsky agreed with the state publishing house to release two anthologies of REF, however, the publication did not take place.

January 15-17, 1930 took place the Plenum of the REF, which had heard the reports of O. M. Brik ("the Cultural revolution and the REF"), V. A. katanian (about literature), V. V. Mayakovsky (about the theatre), A. M. Rodchenko (about the shortcomings of stagecraft). In the same year the Association ceased to exist.

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