Klutsis Gustav Gustavovich
1895–1938 Внимание! Продажи данного художника отслеживаются УПРАВИС  

KLUTSIS Gustav Gustavovich

January 4, 1895 (Rujiena, near Valmiera, Latvia) — 1938 or 1944 (?)

Painter, graphic artist, photographer


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Клуцис, Густав Густавович

Biography

KLUTSIS Gustav Gustavovich

January 4, 1895 (Rujiena, near Valmiera, Latvia) — 1938 or 1944 (?)

Painter, graphic artist, photographer

Gustav Klutsis was born to a family of worker. In 1911–1912 he studied in Valmiera Teachers’ seminary. He studied art in Riga municipal art school in 1913–1915, where Vilhelms Purvitis was one of his tutors.

In 1915 Klutsis was called up for military service, for the Okhta infantry unit in Petrograd. In 1917 he became a volunteer in the machinegunners’ detachment of the 9th regiment of the Red Latvian riflemen.

Klutsis attended drawing school under the All-Russian Society for the Encouragement of the Arts (OPKh) in 1915–1918. Since 1918 he lived in Moscow. At that time Klutsis drew a lot: he made sketches on Latvian riflemen’s life, created designs of the Kremlin for the 1st of May 1918, drew a study Red Square on the 1st of May 1918. The sketch for the panel Storm. Stroke at the counter-revolution (1918) was the first graphic work with included photographic image. Klutsis took part in the First art exhibition of works by the Red Latvian riflemen in the Kremlin (1918).

Klutsis studied at the State Free Art Studios (in 1918–1920 under K. A. Korovin, K. S. Malevich and A. A. Pevsner) and at the Higher State Artistic and Technical Workshops (VKhUTEMAS; 1920-1921) in Moscow. At that period of life the artist painted Red Man (1918), Dynamical City (1919), Axonometric Painting (1920; presented to the State Tretyakov Gallery in 1930), so called paintings-things (according to terminology of Klutsis), which he created with different materials, reliefs, concave reliefs, and a series of non-figurative linear, spatial and color compositions. In 1920 he participated in the Exhibition of painting by Nathan Pevsner, sculpture by N. Gabo and school of Pevsner. Gustav Klutsis, and in the exhibition of the group The Champions of the New Art (UNOVIS) in 1921.

In 1922 Klutsis worked in printing house, where he performed a series of constructive projects — lithographs and linocuts — consisted of 20 stories and printed in limited edition. He also developed projects of festive stands for decoration of Moscow city for the 5th anniversary of October and the 4th Congress of the Communist International (Comintern): Radio-Orator. Revolution Megaphone, Radio-Orator. Lenin’s Speech, Screen-Tribune, Screen-Tribune-Kiosk and others. Constructions by Klutsis were published in a lot of magazines, including Proletarian Students, Lef (“Left Front of the Arts”) and Vremya (“Time”). A series of graphical constructions and drafts by the artist were exposed at the international exhibitions in Berlin (1922) and in Paris (1925).

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