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1866–1944  

KANDINSKY Vasily Vasilievich

November 22 (December 4), 1866 (Moscow) — December 13, 1944 (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France)

Painter, art theorist, teacher, litterateur


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Кандинский, Василий Васильевич

Biography

KANDINSKY Vasily Vasilievich

November 22 (December 4), 1866 (Moscow) — December 13, 1944 (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France)

Painter, art theorist, teacher, litterateur

Vasily Kandinsky was born to a wealthy family. In 1871 his family moved to Odessa. There Kandinsky attended gymnasium, and at the same time he studied music and painting. After finishing gymnasium he left his lessons of painting and returned with his family to Moscow. In 1885 he entered the faculty of law in Moscow University (the political economy and statistics department).

In 1889 Kandinsky took part in expedition to Vologda province, where he became interested in folk art and painting. In 1893 he was conferred academic rank of associate professor, and he began to deliver lectures; he also wrote dissertation Legality of Labor Salary. Three years later the University of Dorpat in Tartu invited Kandinsky to work as a Professor of Jurisprudence, but he declined the offer, and decided to devote all his time to art.

In 1896 Kandinsky moved to Munich, where he attended prestigious private school of Slovenian painter Anton Ažbe. Kandinsky studied the main principles of composition, lines and forms. However these classes became uninteresting for him soon; and in 1900 Kandinsky entered Munich Academy of Arts, studied at the painting class by Franz von Stuck.

Since 1900 Kandinsky participated in the exhibitions of Moscow Association of Artists (MTKh). In 1901 he founded the art society Phalanx (existed till 1904); Kandinsky organized school under the society, where he taught painting. At the first exhibition of Phalanx, Kandinsky showed his works for the first time, but they did not find a broad response among art circles. Since 1902 he regularly took part in the exhibitions of Berlin Secession, since 1904 — Paris Autumn Salon.

The first album of etchings by Kandinsky Poems without words was published in 1904, in 1909 — the second one Xylographs.

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