Uliyanov Nikolay Pavlovich

Ульянов, Николай Павлович


Ulyanov Nikolay Pavlovich

April 19, 1875 (Elec Orel province) - May 5, 1949 (Moscow)

painter, graphic artist, set designer.

was born in the family of the county paramedic, mother of the future artist was engaged in lace. In 1887 he graduated from the parish school in Elets. In 1888 he moved to Moscow, while he studied in the icon painting workshop at the First Meshchanskaya street, while preparing to enter the MUZhViZ. In 1889-1900 he studied at MUZhViZ from NV Nevrev, IM Pryanishnikova, K. Savitsky, VA Serov. I became acquainted with Nikolai Ge, and Leo Tolstoy. From 1897 to 1900 for student assignments (drawing, picturesque sketch, and so on) has been awarded four small silver medals. In 1900, for the painting "Pure ponds" was awarded a large silver medal, was awarded the title neklassnogo artist.

In 1901-1903 served as assistant in the studio Serov and K.. Korovin. In parallel, he taught drawing in the butcher's treasury School, in 1901-1906 he taught in private schools EN Zvantseva and AA Hotyaintsevoy and gave lessons in his own studio.

Since 1902 (and 1912, with interruptions) participated in exhibitions of the Moscow Association of Artists. In 1903 visited Merrekyule and Sillamyagi in Estonia, in 1904 traveled to New Athos to obtain an order for the painting of the monastery (not held). Around the same time met with Stanislavski. From 1905 he worked as a stage designer in the studio theater at Cook's. He created costumes and scenery for productions of "Shlyuk and Yau" the play by G. Hauptmann, "Sold the Sun" on the play Rashild, "Peleas and Melisende" by M. Maeterlinck's drama. He was engaged in interior decoration Theater Studio.

In 1905 took part in a portrait exhibition in the Tauride Palace in St. Petersburg. During the Revolution of 1905 made a series of full-scale drawings on the streets of Moscow, imprinting many revolutionary events. In 1906 traveled to the Volga and Kama rivers. In the same year designed the play "Woe from Wit, the play ASGriboedov in the Moscow Art Theater.

in 1907 exhibited his works at the exhibition "Crown" (Stephanos), has entered into society, "Free aesthetics", joined the artistic board of the magazine "Golden Fleece". In 1907 he traveled to Italy, in 1909 - in France, in 1912 a scholarship fund ED Polenova visited Germany and Italy (together with PP Muratov).

From 1910 served as director and decorator in the school dance EI Rabenek. Summer months spent 1910-1912 at the family cottage Rabenek in Shchelkovo. In 1911 participated in the World Exhibition in Rome, received an invitation to FT Marinetti's Futurist movement to join, but declined it. Since 1911 and a permanent member of the exponential (until 1923) Exhibition of the Union of Russian Artists. In 1913 joined the association "World of Art».

In 1915-1918 he taught drawing at the Stroganov School of Industrial Art, in 1919-1920 - the first state in the free art workshops in 1920-1921 - in VHUTEMAS, Prechistensky practical institute at department of fine art , school for gifted children in the Greater Vyazemy.

in 1917 became one of the founders of the trade union painters in Moscow. In 1924 made a series of sketches in the Hall of Columns at the time of Lenin's funeral. In 1923 and 1925 he participated in exhibitions AHRR. In 1925 became one of the founding members of the association "4 Art. In 1926 at the State Academy of Artistic Sciences (GAHN) opened a personal exhibition Ulyanov, timed to 30 years of creative activity. In 1929 the House of Scientists was an exhibition of drawings and watercolors of the wizard.

continued to work actively as a painter-decorator. In 1919 designed the staging of "Diderot" I. Styupyui showcase theater in Moscow in 1922 - The Miserly Knight "by the tragedy of the Pushkin Theater in Tver. He created costumes and scenery to the operetta "Orpheus in the Underworld" by J. Offenbach in the Music Studio Art Theater (1920-1922, not implemented), the play "Shadow of a donkey" in theater "Comedy" (1925), a former theater F. J. Korsch), "Days Turbins" (1926) and "Moliere" (1935) Bulgakov in Moscow Art Theater, "Woe to the mind" on the play ASGriboedov visit (1928). In 1929 was recruited to work on the film "Yevgeny Bazarov" by Ivan Turgenev's novel Fathers and Sons "at the studio" Mezhrabpomrus ».

In 1932 Ulyanov was awarded the title "Honored Artist of the RSFSR. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, was evacuated in Nalchik, then - in Tbilisi, in 1942 lived in Samarkand, he taught at the Moscow Art Institute. VISurikova, also located in the evacuation. In late 1943 he returned to Moscow. In 1945 awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor, in 1948 awarded the Stalin Prize for portrait of Stanislavsky at work. In 1949 was elected a corresponding member of USSR Academy of Arts.

Vvedenskoye buried at a cemetery in Moscow.

Retrospective exhibition of paintings took place in 1951, 1961, 1975 in Moscow, in 1978 - in Leningrad. In 1965, the State Pushkin Museum has been shown "Pushkiniana" Ulyanov.

wrote a memoir about Tolstoy, Ge, Serov, Korovin, ASGolubkina, Meyerhold, Stanislavsky, Scriabin (incorporated in the book "My meetings"., 1953, reprinted in 1959), and autobiographical memories. Author of several articles and essays on the theory of art (published in the book "People of twilight era." Moscow, 2004).

Ulyanov stands out among the masters of the silver age ". A brilliant draftsman and painter, in the beginning of creativity, he has been influenced by his teacher Serov. However, it can not be counted among the followers of Serov, and in general to any directions this time. In the 1900's, went through the passion of impressionism and retrospectivist in the spirit of artists "World of Art". In the future, used the experience of masters of symbolism, cubism, futurism, and even abstract art, however, admired the classical art. All this led to the creation of its own system of painting and drawing, marked by extraordinary diversity of artistic techniques and reflected in the works of the late 1900's - 1910-x (this is considered the height). Most of the works of the late period established in the traditions of realism, they have lost much of vivid individuality of earlier works of art, while maintaining an extremely high level of technical skill.

Creativity Ulyanov represented in many museum and private collections. The most significant collections of his works have the State Tretyakov Gallery and the Pushkin Museum im. Pushkin.

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