Arkhipov Abram Efimovich
Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Pyrikov 1862–1930  

Архипов, Абрам Ефимович


ARKHIPOV (Pyrikov) Abram Efimovich

August 15, 1862 (Egorovo, Ryazan province) — September 25, 1930 (Moscow)


Abram Arkhipov was born to a peasant family. He enjoyed drawing in local school. According to his recollections, he drew here, there and everywhere, where it was possible. He studied under the guidance of icon painters, which arrived in the village. One of them was a noncredit student of Moscow School of painting, sculpture and architecture (MUZhVZ); he helped Arkhipov to enter MUZhVZ in 1876. Arkhipov studied under the guidance of V. G. Perov (he awaked Arkhipov’s interest in peasant theme in painting), under V. D. Polenov, A. K. Savrasov and V. E. Makovsky. Arkhipov studied in the School with interruptions: from 1877 till 1883 and from 1886 till 1888.

In 1884–1886 Arkhipov improved his painting skills; he attended St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. His painting study Sitter, falling from the saddle and drawings were recognized as exemplary works and were passed for persistent storage to the Museum of the Academy. In autumn 1886 Arkhipov was disappointed with academic teaching; he left the Academy and returned to Moscow School of painting, sculpture and architecture. In MUZhVZ he headed the life class. Since 1898 he began to teach as an academician.

In student years Arkhipov worked a lot without assistance. In summer he drew sketches in Ryazan province. He began his art life as a genre painter. He painted a lot of pictures about life of peasants: Game of Svaika, In the shop of rag-and-bone man (1882), Drunkard (1883), Watering place (1883) and others. As his teacher Perov, Arkhipov tried to be honest in depicting details of peasant life.

After the death of Perov, Arkhipov began to paint under Polenov; his style of painting changed, became lighter and more cheerful. For example, his painting Visit of a sick woman (1887) combined depicting of human grief, illness and poverty with the hope of recovery. Arkhipov was awarded big silver medal and conferred a title of class artist for this painting.

In 1889 Arkhipov painted the picture On the Volga River, in which he combined genre and lyric elements. In this painting emotional feelings of the character were expressed by means of landscape, in style of V. A. Serov.


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