Zhuravlev Firs Sergeevich

Журавлёв, Фирс Сергеевич


Zhuravlev Firs Sergeyevich

December 10, 1836 (Saratov) - September 4, 1901 (St. Petersburg)

painter and graphic artist.

place of middle-class families. To nineteen years he lived in Saratov, where he worked as a tailor. In 1855, arrived in St. Petersburg, took private lessons with Academician LS Igorev. In 1855-1863 he studied at the IAH, first as an auditor, then - standing student in the class of historical painting in Markov, FA Bruni, TA ; Neff. For student work repeatedly noted medals: in 1858 and 1860 - small silver in 1860 and 1862 - big silver. In 1862 he was awarded a small gold medal for the painting "The creditor's widow describes a property. In 1863 he took part in the so-called "Bunte fourteen" by refusing to compete on a gold medal given by the IAH program. Qualified class artist of 2 nd degree. However, continued to exhibit their work at academic exhibitions (until 1893).

He became one of the founders of the St. Petersburg Artel artists (1863). In 1868, for the pieces exhibited in the halls of IAH painting "Arrival of a cab home" and "Return from the Ball" was awarded the title of class artist 1-th degree "of folk art scenes. In 1874, for the painting "Before the crown", "Porter", "The Stepmother", "Girl with chickens," "The Chimney Sweeper" and a number of portraits elected as an academician.

lived in St. Petersburg. In 1866 and 1871-1872 taught at the Drawing School of the Society for the Promotion of Artists. From 1879, organized his own school-studio. In 1875-1883 was drawn into the paintings in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. In 1885 in Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Saratov held solo exhibitions of paintings Zhuravleva. In 1886 joined the Moscow Society of Art Lovers. In 1888-1889 exhibited his works at exhibitions TPHV. Participated in the World Exhibition in Philadelphia (1876), Paris (1889), the All-Russia industrial and agricultural exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod (1896).

Zhuravlev - one of the greatest masters of genre painting of the second half of the XIX century in Russia. For his work is characterized by narrative, a deliberate exaggeration, pointed, often caricatures, the limited range of colors. Socio-accusatory thrust of the work was close to the Wanderers.

Works Zhuravleva are in many museum collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum and the Kiev Museum of Russian Art

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