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Morozov Alexandr Ivanovich

MOROZOV Alexander

May 17, 1835 (St. Petersburg) - November 28, 1904 (St. Petersburg)

painter, graphic artist, miniaturist.

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Морозов, Александр Иванович


MOROZOV Alexander

May 17, 1835 (St. Petersburg) - November 28, 1904 (St. Petersburg)

painter, graphic artist, miniaturist.

born in the family of the artist, IM Morozova, "a former serf. From 1852 he studied at the IAH in St. Petersburg as volnoprihodyaschego student in the class of historical painting in Markov. During studies have repeatedly pointed out medals: in 1857, received two small silver medal for a portrait and figure, in 1858 - small and large silver medal for the sketch and drawing from life, in 1861 - a small gold medal for the painting "Rest in the hayfield."

In 1863 he refused to write a pattern on a gold medal given by the IAH program by filing a petition for permission to free choice of subjects. Receiving a negative reply, he left the Academy, received the title of class artist of 2 nd degree. In the same year became a member-based INKramskoy St. Petersburg Artel artists who participated in drafting the statute Artel.

continued to exhibit their works and exhibitions in the halls of IAH. In 1864, for the painting "Out of the church in Pskov", presented at the next academic exhibition, was awarded the title of academician.

repeated visits to Russia, the Vladimir Province, Pskov (1862), the Volga (1868), Vyatka province (1885) and others. Performed custom work for churches in Petrozavodsk, Polotsk, Pavlovsk and estates. He turned to etching and miniature portraits.

Since 1874 he taught painting at the School of Law, since 1879 led to the Drawing Drawing School Society for the Promotion of Artists (Fine Arts). He gave private lessons. In 1873 took part in the creation of the Society of exhibitions of works of art in St. Petersburg. In 1887 elected a member of the Society of Russian watercolors. In late 1880 - early 1890's, regularly exhibited his works at exhibitions TPHV.

Morozov - one of the most prominent representatives of a group of artists, which is traditionally called "small Russian genre painter. The heyday of his work falls on 1860, when they were created the most famous works - "Rest on haymaking" (1861), "Leaving the church in Pskov (1864)," Rural Free School "(1865) and others. For works Morozova, like many artists of his circle, characterized by narrative, clarity of composition construction, self-control range of colors. Ease of motivation, lack of clearly defined the critical start, good-natured tone and contemplation, they also have in common with the art of AG Venetsianov and artists of his school. This feature of the master's noted historians and art of the late XIX - XX centuries, Alexander Benois and Igor Grabar, who called it "a belated venetsianovets».

Morozov's works are in many museum collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum and others.

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