Айвазовский И.К.
Шишкин И.И.
Маковский А.В.
Маковский В.Е.
Кончаловский П.П.
Фальк Р.Р.
ARTinvestment.RU покупает работы
ведущих художников XIX-XX вв.
Нестеров М.В.
Плавинский Д.П.
Бенуа А.Н.
Немухин В.Н.
Серов В.А.
Зверев А.Т.
Саврасов А.К.


Artist of the week: Konstantin Khudyakov
ARTinvestment.RU   29 июня 2020

History, pricing and marketing metrics one of the main representatives of the domestic digital art, academician, gallerist and President of the Creative Union of artists of Russia Konstantin Khudyakov

Year of birth: 1945

Direction: modern art

type of art: photo, video-арт, digital art

Life and work

Konstantin Khudyakov was born on 2 January 1945 in the village of Volzhsky village in Saratov region. Childhood and youth were spent in his native village, in the house at the school. His father worked as a headmaster at a village school, mother taught the children the Russian language and literature, and in addition to the Konstantin family had six children. According to the memoirs of the artist himself, despite a fairly turbulent and adventurous childhood, the art he became interested in from an early age: "since the childhood I dreamed to be an artist".

the First few attempts at receipt in the Moscow architectural Institute was unsuccessful, a student of the Moscow architectural Institute Konstantin Khudyakov managed to become only the third time in 1965, he came to study at the Department of industrial architecture. While training Khudyakov, according to him, "very fond of technology — with projections, light and sound". In addition, the scope of his interests included constructivism and the avant-garde of the 1920–30s — the works of El Lissitzky and Kazimir Malevich, Le Corbusier, Ivan Leonidov, Vladimir Krinsky, Yakov Chernikhov. At the time of training at the Institute includes his first easel experiments in which he experimented with various techniques and materials, he decided on the plane of the spatial and plastic problems.

Perhaps it is this penchant for experimentation and the breadth of vision led in 1969 Khudyakov to victory in the student project competition of the new building of the Lenin Museum. "The Museum building is located on a site in the centre of Moscow to the West of the Kremlin on the street Volkhonka, between the Museums of fine arts of the West and the old building library. V. I. Lenin in the East", —, it was stated in terms of "adult" competition organized by the Moscow city (synthart.livejournal.com). In the opinion of the artist, the Museum building was a large cube, equipped with the latest technology and electronics.

And in 1971, he entered the history of the Institute as first author, submitted as a thesis is not a standard "kit of the architect", which consists of diagrams, drawings and models, and the video-арт. Konstantin Khudyakov was the first student who directed the film, imitating the walk of a man on the city of the future. The project, dubbed "city of the future in Siberia", was created under the influence of the ideas of European architects-новаторов of Yakov Chernikhov, Paolo Calleri, groups and NER Archigrem and was a large-scale paper layout of the city of 200 thousand people. "I designed a special device for 8-миллиметровой cameras, crawling with the camera in its huge paper layout, removing the city from the point of view of the person, and the defense was showing a movie",— recalled the artist in one interview.

he Received the diploma of architect, Khudyakov planned to continue teaching at the Institute at the Department of painting, but for the previous services he was sent for distribution to work in the Central Museum of V. I. Lenin (today — Museum of the Patriotic war of 1812) at the Revolution Square in Moscow. The Museum Khudyakov worked from 1972 to 1981, engaged in the creation and implementation of projects of reconstruction of the main exhibition halls of the Museum, as well as design (including the design Museum equipment) of numerous exhibitions of the Central Museum and its branches. In addition, he has also developed architectural and-дизайнерскую concept of reconstruction of the Museum building. In 1984 Khudyakov was awarded the title of Honored artist of the Kirghiz SSR for the design of the branches of the Central Lenin Museum in Frunze (Bishkek).

Despite the success of design and architectural projects, Khudyakov did not leave classes and easel art developed there own ideas, formed on the basis of constructivism and avant-garde. These art classes and participating in exhibitions of unofficial art (Khudyakov was part of the "twenty" — group "Twenty Moscow artists") and decided his fate. "In 1977-м I came to the basement of the city Committee schedules on the little Georgia street — says the artist. — After the "Voice of America" reported that in exhibitions of nonconformist artists involved the main museums of Lenin and Marx and Engels Khudyakov and Balls, I began to call on party committees, rolled a reprimand to be entered in a personal matter... In the end I left the Museum..."

1980-1990-е years in the life Khudyakov — and development as an independent artist, Hobbies modern technology. At the same time it had an active social life, the Creative Union of artists since 1988 — work in the Center for contemporary art "MARS", one of the founders was Khudyakov.

Over time expands the set of his artistic methods and techniques: at the beginning of 1990-х to airbrush and photography, which Khudyakov worked in 1980-х, add camera and then the video projector. In the mid-1990-х Konstantin Khudyakov started to use in their works the possibilities of the graphical editors (e.g. Adobe Photoshop), becoming thus one of the first representatives of digital art (or digital-арта): "First I was afraid to go to her computer — not the age. But when mastered a few programs, I knew that was my instrument. Thank God that I waited! Easy and comfortable working. The computer allows me to speak out, to convey to the viewer what I feel. First was the primitive photoshop and what-то scenic program, imitating natural technique — painting, watercolor. Then — 3D program to create the virtual space of the Studio, a working Studio".

In 2007, the St. Konstantin Khudyakov from the use of digital technology to create two-dimensional easel paintings moved to project partially within digital, virtual space such as hisfamous interactive and intelligent picture. Then he began to experiment with VR/AR technology: "the Final product before displaying it on the canvas or paper becomes digital, which incorporates thousands of layers, transformations, treatments countless virtual, the incredible palette of their capabilities tools. It is paramount to high-quality digital images of objects, their details, textures, etc., and formation on its basis a unique Bank of images. At the moment it consists of more than 100,000 images 17.5 MB each. (Only the digitized fragments of human faces, skin, etc. there are about 50 000 units.)".

Thus, in addition to digital prints in various formats, Konstantin Khudyakov in recent decades, works with live-артом, lightboxes, various forms of three-dimensional models. Among the main projects Khudyakov recent years are "the World of sensual things in pictures" (1997, Pushkin Museum im. A. S. Pushkin, Moscow), "'DEISIS' /Deisis" (2004, State Tretyakov gallery, Moscow), Hotel Russia (2005, contemporary art center MARS, Moscow), "high-resolution Art" (2010, Moscow Museum of modern art, Moscow), a special project within the framework of Glasstress-2011 "the last supper" and "in the Beginning was the word, and the word was capital" (2011, Palazzo Kavalli and Berengo-studio in Murano. 54-я international Biennale of Contemporary Art in Venice), "angel Eyes" (2012, Russian Academy of arts, Moscow), "the Figure and myth" (2014, Museum of contemporary art "ERARTA", St. Petersburg), "unexpected..." (2016, gallery "Nagornaya", Moscow), "Virtual realism" (2018, gallery "Nagornaya", Moscow), "the Digital mirror of K. Khudyakov" (2019, SRC "MARS", Moscow).

Konstantin Khudyakov's Works are the State Tretyakov gallery, State Russian Museum, Moscow Museum of modern art, the Museum of modern art MUMOK in Vienna, and also in many private and corporate collections in Russia, Europe, Asia, USA and Latin America. Abroad the artist is Art & Space Gallery, Munich.

the Artist lives and works in Moscow.

Financial indicators

the three most expensive works of Konstantin Khudyakov is sold in 2011 London auction house Phillips de Pury. The third and the second results — "last supper" (UltraChrome prints on canvas, 2007), and "Sacrifice" (light panel, 2010) — found buyers in a single evening, 14 APR 2011 for the same amount of $40 860. Selling the most expensive work of the artist — yet another object of the series "the last supper" (UltraChrome prints on canvas, 2007) for $76 075 — took place a few months earlier. Note that all work was accompanied by the author's certificate of authenticity, which specifically state that the items are one piece only and have no physical copies and digital counterparts.

According to the database ARTinvestment.RU, at the time of publication of the work of the artist 59 times were removed for auction, among them mixed media @28 mdas works, replicable products — 17 works, photography — 13, object — 1 work. Average the cost of the works sold — $8.2 thousand Total capitalization to the public market — $204,2 thousand Has a balance of sold and unsold works 25 to 34 (42 % of all trading completed the sale).

table 1. Sale during the auction

the company's sales, Messrs.

the lots, pieces

Results for lots

Sold,

Not sold, PCs.

PCs

%

2008-2012

7

3

43

4

2013-2016

10

2

20

8

2017-2020

42

20

48

22

table 2. Sales by country the auction

Country auctions

the lots, pieces

Results for lots

Sold,

Not sold, PCs.

PCs

%

Russia

50

22

44

28

UK

4

3

75

1

Monaco

2

0

0

2

Germany

1

0

0

1

USA

1

0

0

1

Ukraine

1

0

0

1

At the moment Konstantin Khudyakov has no repeated sales, therefore we can use the counting another indicator — excess of the estimate upon successful sales. The average estimate of all sold works Khudyakov was exceeded by 170 % — in other words, the sellers received an average amount of almost 1.7 times more than the initial estimation of the auction house. The upper limit of the estimate is fixed at 67 % of sales and has a positive trend over time. Pay attention to the frequency of auction sales artist in Table 1, which very accurately reflects the attitude of the market towards the digital arts and new media in the last decade: the early years — increased interest, the demand, the most expensive sales (2008-2012), and then a relative lull, the study of the subject, the understanding of artistic value direction (2013-2016), and after — academic and curatorial recognition of digital art, the resumption of demand (but acquitted), the formation of objective market, the rising cost and increasing the number of sales (2017-2020).

According to analysts V-Art, the sales volume of digital art in 2019 us $500 million, and is forecast to 2023 will increase by 13.7 % per year (even adjusted for the coronavirus that has the potential to give a greater momentum to growth). The advent of online-площадок sales, as well as a specialized fair CADAF only secured digital art as one of the most dynamically developing directions of modern art. The position of one of the first Russian artists who have turned to new technologies, and the availability of works in major museums and corporate collections in the amount of Konstantin Khudyakov make the most significant author of digital art in the post-Soviet space.

On the current 336-м AI Auction exhibitedtwo lots Konstantin Khudyakov — trial versions for project "Iconostasis XXI" (2003), part of the preparatory phase of the joint project of Konstantin Khudyakov and of Victor Bondarenko "'Deisis'. Anticipation". The idea of the project was to create a "modern iconostasis" on the basis of a series of psychological portraits of people acting as the characters of Christian sacred history.

Sources: rah.ru, gazetauzao.ru, khudyakovarch.ru, artinvestment.ru, ru.wikipedia.org



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Индексы арт-рынка ARTIMX
Индекс
Дата
Знач.
Изм.
ARTIMX
13/07
1502.83
+4,31%
ARTIMX-RUS
13/07
1502.83
+4,31%
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