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Yakobi Valery Ivanovich


May 3, 1834 (d Kudryakova Laishevsky County Kazan province) - May 13, 1902 (Nice, France)

Painter .

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Якоби, Валерий Иванович



May 3, 1834 (d Kudryakova Laishevsky County Kazan province) - May 13, 1902 (Nice, France)

Painter .

was born in the family of the landowner. Graduated from Kazan school, he entered the Kazan University, but soon left him and in 1854 enlisted in the militia. Participated in the Crimean War, becoming a volunteer militia Simbirsk. Upon leaving the militia decided to devote himself to painting. In 1856-1861 he studied at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. He worked in the field of genre. Introducing a product of social issues, reinforcing the critical pathos. In 1860 he was awarded a small gold medal for the painting "Bright holiday beggar. In 1861 it created the most significant of his works - now "Halt the prisoners, for which he received a gold medal.

in 1861-1869 as a pensioner of the Academy of Arts visited Germany, Switzerland, France and Italy. The result of his trip abroad were two paintings on historical subjects: "Terrorists and moderate the first French Revolution" (1864) and "Cardinal Guise show the head of Admiral Coligny, who was killed in the Bartholomew's Day in 1572. During the second work of the artist was awarded the title of academician. In 1870, became one of the founders of the Association of traveling art exhibitions, but in 1872 was expelled from among its members for a departure from the ideals of Peredvizhnichestvo. Lived mainly in St. Petersburg. In 1870 wrote a series of paintings a kind of historical and genre. Using scenes from the history of the XVIII century - "Clowns at the court of Empress Anna Ioannovna" (in 1872), "Wedding at the Ice House" (1878), "Empress Anna Ioannovna Morning" (1872), the artist endowed his works narrative, Foreign interesting.

In 1878-1889 he taught at the Academy of Fine Arts, becoming in 1878 a member of the Academy, in 1883 - the head of the class of historical painting.

In 1880 he traveled in European and African countries of the Mediterranean, bringing a travel sketches and paintings of exotic, colorful, ethnographic nature.

Works Jacobi currently available in the collections of the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum, the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, etc.

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