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Выдача займов под залог картин и скульптур XIX-XXI веков

Первый профессиональный сервис по выдаче займов под залог произведений искусства

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Shegal Grigory Mikhailovich
1889–1956  

SHEGAL Grigory Mikhailovich

1889 (Kozelsk, Kaluga province) — 1956 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist, art theoretician


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Шегаль, Григорий Михайлович

Biography

SHEGAL Grigory Mikhailovich

1889 (Kozelsk, Kaluga province) — 1956 (Moscow)

Painter, graphic artist, art theoretician

Grigory Shegal worked as an apprentice in the engraving workshop in Smolensk. In 1912 he moved to St. Petersburg. In 1912–1916 Shegal attended the Drawing School under the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts (OPKh), where he studied under the guidance of N. K. Rerikh and A. A. Rylov. In 1917–1918 he attended Petrograd State Free Art Studios, studied under G. R. Zaleman and I. Y. Bilibin.

In 1918 Shegal moved to Tula, organized and headed the art workshop of the ProletCult (Proletarian Culture). In 1922 he moved to Moscow, in 1922–1924 he continued his art education in the studio of A. V. Shevchenko at the Higher State Artistic and Technical Workshops (VKhUTEMAS). He also participated in the exhibitions of the Society of Moscow painters. In 1924 he exposed his works at the exhibition of the group Bubnovy Valet (“Jack of Diamonds”). Since 1926 he was a member and an active participant of the exhibitions of the Association of the artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR, since 1928 — AKhR, the Association of the artists of the Revolution). In 1933 Shegal took part in the exhibition 15 years of the Red Army, in 1938 — in the exhibition 20 years of the Red Army and Navy in Moscow. In 1935 the personal exhibition of the painter was held in Moscow.

In 1930s Shegal traveled through the country; he visited Zlatoust, Karabash, Solikamsk, Novokuznetsk, the Central Asia, and Altai. He painted a series of genre scenes and landscapes.

In 1930s–1950s Shegal lectured at Moscow State Art Institute (since 1948 — Moscow Art Institute named after V. I. Surikov) and at the faculty of art in the All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK). Shegal published a lot of articles about art and the monograph Coloring in painting (Moscow, 1957). He was elected corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Arts.

Shegal was mainly engaged in easel painting. In his early artworks Shegal was under the influence of Shevchenko, the art of P. Sezanne and impressionist painters. In late 1920s he left Sezannism, began to paint in traditional style, which was close to the principles of the socialist realism. He painted industrial genre scenes, industrial landscapes and portraits.

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