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Suetin Nikolay

October 25, 1897 (p Myatlevskaya Kaluga province) - January 22, 1954 (Leningrad)

painter, graphic artist arts and crafts

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Суетин, Николай Михайлович


Suetin Nikolay

October 25, 1897 (p Myatlevskaya Kaluga province) - January 22, 1954 (Leningrad)

painter, graphic artist arts and crafts

born in the family head of the railway station. In 1900-1910-s studied in high school in Kaluga, then in the Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg, where he received initial art education.

At the beginning of the First World War was called, served in the Caucasus. In 1915, on a duty military service he moved to Vitebsk. In 1918, attended classes in the People of the Vitebsk art school, established MZ Chagall. Became acquainted with IA Puni and Malevich. Since 1920 - Member and exhibitor Posnovisa (Followers of the new art), then - UNOVIS (affirmative new art), since 1922 - Chairman of the Vitebsk creative Committee UNOVIS. Along with Malevich took part in the discussions in INKhuK (1922). Engaged festive decoration for Vitebsk May 1, 1920.

In 1922 demobilized, he moved to Petrograd. He lived in Petrograd (Leningrad). In 1922 as artist-composer began work at the State Porcelain Factory, which complied with for many projects Suprematist porcelain. Since 1932 - the main artist LPF. He participated in many trade fairs to exhibit products State Porcelain Factory (LPF), including in the exhibition "The Bolshevik porcelain" in Stockholm (1923), exhibition of works of State Porcelain Factory in the last 7 years in Leningrad (1925), Artistic and trade fairs in Lyon (1926), Riga, Vienna, Prague, Paris (all - 1928) and others. In 1925 he was awarded a silver medal at the International Exhibition of art and decorative arts in Paris in 1927 - a diploma at the III International Monza-Milan Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Monza.

Drafted architectural models (1923-1926), created a series of analytical kubostrukturalistskih drawings (1924), the cycle of "Lady" (1929). Participated in "Exhibition of paintings by artists of the Petrograd all directions" (1923; the group "UNOVIS"), exhibition and poster ads after the October Revolution "(1926), First Public Exhibition of Fine Arts (1930) in St. Petersburg (Leningrad), Anniversary Exhibition Artists of the RSFSR XV years "in Leningrad and Moscow (1932-1933).

worked at the Museum of Art Culture and Ginhuke (since 1924; since 1925 - Head of Material Culture Ginhuka), in the experimental laboratory of the Institute of Decorative (1925-1926), performed sketches covers and drawings for fabrics. In 1927 he created a number of projects color paint architecture and furniture (some jointly with IG Chashnikov). Participated in the competition of furniture for the home desktop. In 1927-1929 he worked at the State Institute of Fine Arts, in the experimental laboratory of the Committee for the Study of Modern Art, as well as the Committee of the art industry. In 1929 traveled to Pskov.

organized the funeral Malevich (1935), performed tombstone in the form of a cube. In 1936-1937 worked on the design of the pavilion of the USSR at the International Exhibition in Paris (awarded the Grand Prix) in 1939 was engaged in a project of the pavilion of the USSR at the World Exhibition in New York.

In 1941-1944 he lived in besieged Leningrad; participated in different camouflage and graphic design. In 1942 completed a new design of the graves of Alexander Suvorov in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Since 1943 - Chairman of the Section of decorative arts LOSH. Participated in the restoration of the LPF.

In 2008, in St. Petersburg held a retrospective exhibition of works Suetina.

Suetin - a master of Russian avant-garde, the reformer of Russian porcelain, radically changed the decor as well as the very structure of products. In his works played a follower of the ideas of Malevich, considering their geometric abstraction as blueprints for universal transfiguration surrounding human forms (used in porcelain motifs Suprematist own tracks). In the late 1920's moved away from pure abstraction to a "metaphysical", conditional symbolic figurative imagery, which is reflected both in painting and graphics, and in the applied arts. Since mid-1930's turned to more traditional design porcelain, implementing innovative avant-garde's only decorative arts.

Suetina works are in many museum collections, including the State Russian Museum, State Tretyakov Gallery, State Hermitage Museum (Museum of Porcelain Factory), the All-Russia museum of decorative and folk art, as well as the National Museum Contemporary Art in Paris, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Museum Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid, the Museum of Applied Arts and the Museum Ludwig in Cologne.

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