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Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Iosel Aronovich 1890–1967 Внимание! Продажи данного художника отслеживаются УПРАВИС  

ZADKINE Ossip Alekseevich

July 14, 1890 (Smolensk, according to other sources — Vitebsk) — November 25, 1967 (Paris)

Sculptor, graphic artist, master of applied arts


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Цадкин, Осип Алексеевич

Biography

ZADKINE Ossip Alekseevich

July 14, 1890 (Smolensk, according to other sources — Vitebsk) — November 25, 1967 (Paris)

Sculptor, graphic artist, master of applied arts

Ossip Zadkine was born to a family of professor of ancient languages, who taught at Smolensk seminary. His mother was a descendant of Scottish shipbuilders, who lived in Russia at the time of Peter the First.

Zadkine studied at the handcrafts school in Vitebsk, took lessons in drawing under Yehuda Pen. In 1905 Zadkine and his father left Russia for Sunderland in the North of England, where he started to study English language. A year later he moved to London, where he attended evening courses at the Polytechnic school. Later Zadkine learned woodcarving at the School of arts and handicrafts. He worked as a wood and stone carver; studied classical sculpture at the British Museum. In 1908 he spent some time in Russia.

In 1909 Zadkine moved to Paris, and settled in the artist’s residence La Ruche (“Beehive”) in Montparnasse Quarter. He attended the School of Fine Arts (L’École Nationale des Beaux-Arts) in Paris for some months. In 1911 Zadkine exhibited his sculptures and drawings at the Autumn Salon and the Salon of Independents. In 1912–1914 he often visited the Salon of Baroness d’Ettingen and the café La Rotonde, where he met a lot of important figures of Paris art milieu: Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars, Max Jacob, Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, Constantin Brancusi, Emile Antoine Bourdelle, Léopold Survage, Aleksander Archipenko, Jacques Lipchitz, Ilya Ehrenburg and Vera Inber. In 1914 Zadkine designed the book Le Vine Triste (“Sad Wine”)by Vera Inber. 

In 1912 Zadkine sent his works to the First exhibition of the Artistic Association in St. Petersburg; V. V. Mayakovsky, D. D. Burlyuk, El Lissitzky also participated in this exhibition. In 1914 he exposed his works at the New Secession in Berlin.

In 1915 Zadkine served as a volunteer in the French army, worked as a stretcher-bearer at a field hospital. On the front he drew a series of watercolors and drawings depicting war. In 1917 he was demobilized because of gas poisoning. He created a series of eau-fortes based on his war sketches. Soon he returned to sculpture: created a number of works in cubism and primitivism styles, which were later shown at the joint exhibition with Amedeo Modigliani and Moise Kisling in 1918. In 1920 the first personal exhibition of the artist was held in the artist’s studio in Rousselet Street (45 sculptures, 60 watercolors and gouaches).  In the same year Zadkine married the artist Valentine Prax. The first monograph about the artist was written by the well-known art critic Maurice Raynal and published in 1921. The personal exhibitions of Zadkine were held in Tokyo, Grenoble; big retrospective exhibitions were organized in Paris (1926) and London (1928).

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