Galberg Samuil Ivanovich
Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Friedrich 1787–1839  

GALBERG Samuel (Friedrich) Ivanovich

December 2, 1787 (Grange Kattentak Estonian province) - May 10, 1839 (St. Petersburg)

sculptor, graphic artist.


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Гальберг, Самуил Иванович

Biography

GALBERG Samuel (Friedrich) Ivanovich

December 2, 1787 (Grange Kattentak Estonian province) - May 10, 1839 (St. Petersburg)

sculptor, graphic artist.

occurred from a wealthy Swedish family, the younger brother of the architect I. Galberga. From 1795 he studied at the sculpture class at the IAH Ivan Martos. During the period of training received all existing academic awards: in 1803 - a small silver medal in 1806 - a large silver medal in 1807 - a small gold medal for the program "Three Jewish boy in front of Nebuchadnezzar" (relief). In 1808 he was awarded a large gold medal for the program "Martha-Governor's Wife with young Miroslav comes to his grandfather Theodosius" (relief). In the same year, released from the Academy with the certificate of degree 1 for the title of class artist and the right of a pensioner's travel abroad.

Because of the tense political situation and the Napoleonic wars until 1818 remained in St. Petersburg pensioner IAH, helped Martos in the bas-reliefs on the pedestal for the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. In 1818 he went to Italy on the way visited Berlin, Dresden and Vienna. In Rome, visited the French Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied drawing and modeling from life. Advice of B. Thorvaldsen. He studied ancient sculpture.

In 1828 he returned to Russia. In 1831, for works of "Top Music" (1825), "Boy, blow bubbles" (1826), made in Rome, was elected an academician. He taught at the IAH, since 1829 held the post of associate professor since 1831 - Professor of degree 2 in the class of sculptural figures and ornaments. Among his pupils - PA Stavasser, NA Ramazanov, AA Ivanov. In 1836 he was awarded the title of professor without performing a special program.

worked primarily as a sculptor-portraitist. In the 1830's created a gallery of portraits of contemporaries - VA and AA Perovskii (1829), Ivan Krylov (1830), AN Olenin (1831), AA Delvig ( 1831), DV Golitsyn (1834), PA Kikin (1835), I. Martos (1837-1838), AS Pushkin (1837), OP Fersen (1837) and others. He took off his death mask Pushkin (1837).

He turned to sculpture. He performed the statue of Catherine II to the conference room IAH (1831), the figure of Euripides to the Public Library in St. Petersburg (1830-1831), a monument to Alexander I for the estate of Count AA Arakcheeva Georgian province of Novgorod. Created designs and projects of monuments to the Derzhavin in Kazan (1833), NM Karamzin in Simbirsk (1836). In the 1830's played two "huge" figures of Archangels Michael and Gabriel to the Holy Trinity Cathedral in St. Petersburg (1835-1836), eight bas-reliefs and figures of two angels to the church of St. Catherine at IAH (1832-1837). After the death of Boris Orlovsky finished begun their marble statues of the "Paris" and "Faun". Created tombstone SF Shchedrin in Sorrento (the end of 1830).

Galberg - a prominent sculptor of the first half of the XIX century, the representative of academic art. In his work was guided by the traditions of antiquities has been dubbed the "Russian Winkelman. Most of his portraits are constructed according to certain compositional scheme: bust-face, usually without draperies. The works of masters of different laconic, sensitive cut-off and volume, a careful study of details, accuracy in the transfer of facial features, facial expression, character, depth and variety of images. "Busts his breath, barely speak ... in perfect resemblance SI Galberg able to catch the best characteristic of the person the time" - so spoke of the works of sculptor, art critic of the time.

There are later cast in forms wizard, made in the middle - second half of the XIX century, as well as in the middle of the twentieth century.

Galberga works are in many museum collections, including the State Russian Museum, State Tretyakov Gallery, the Scientific Research Museum of Russia Academy of Arts and others.




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13/07
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13/07
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