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Rothko Mark
Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Markus Yakovlevich Rothkovits, Rothkovich 1903–1970 Внимание! Продажи данного художника отслеживаются УПРАВИС  

mark ROTHKO (Marcus rothkowitz Y.)

25 сентября 1903 (Dvinsk, Vitebsk province) — 25 февраля 1970 (new-Йорк)

Painter, graphic artist

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Ротко, Марк


mark ROTHKO (Marcus rothkowitz Y.)

25 сентября 1903 (Dvinsk, Vitebsk province) — 25 февраля 1970 (new-Йорк)

Painter, graphic artist

From an educated Jewish family in which we spoke Hebrew, Yiddish and Russian; the son of a pharmacist. In 1913 together with family emigrated to USA and settled in Portland (Oregon). Studied sociology, Economics, Philology, exact and natural science at Yale University (1921-1923, did not graduate). About 1923 he was fond of art. Attended School of arts "Grand Central" (1925), where he studied in the class А. Горки; Art student's League in new-Йорке (1925-1930, with interruptions), in 1925-1926 he studied in class of a still life I М. Вебера.

Lived in new-Йорке, in 1946, became an American citizen. Repeatedly made the trip to Europe (1950, 1959, 1966). In the early period went through a fascination with expressionism and surrealism, was influenced by creativity П. Клее and Ж. Руо. In 1930-х closer to М. Авери and А. Готлибом. One of the founders and exponents of the group "the Ten" (The Ten; 1935-1939). In 1936-1937 worked in the Federal art project of the Department of public works (Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration).

From 1940 he used the alias, in 1959 enshrined the legally alias. In the late 1930-х — the first half of 1940-х participated in the activities of associations: the Congress of American artists (1936-1938), Modern American painters (1943), new-Йоркских painters (1943), the Federation of modern painters and sculptors (1940-1943).

Individual style was formed in 1947 under the influence of art А. Матисса, German expressionists, К. С. Малевича and other masters of Russian avant-garde. 1950-60-е — the heyday of the artist's work. From figurative and semi-abstract works on mythological and fantastic plots 1930-40-х he came to create abstract compositions, gradually simplifying the structure of his paintings to two — three zones of bright solid color. Along with Б. Ньюманом, one of the founders of "painting color fields".

Studied the execution of large orders: the series paintings (panels) for the restaurant "seasons" in a skyscraper Seagram-building in new-Йорке. Completed painting in holyoak-центре Harvard University (1958-1961), as well as interfaith funeral chapel in Houston (1962-1964, the Rothko Chapel).


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