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Sculpture and graphics Boris Korolev in the Tretyakov Gallery

ARTinvestment.RU – 03.11.2009,06:57

Today, the State Tretyakov Gallery on the Crimean shaft (Halls 21-22) held the opening of the exhibition "Boris Korolev. Sculpture and Graphics "from the series" The State Tretyakov Gallery in Krymsky Val opens its reservists ».

monographic exhibition BD Queen (1885 -- 1963) dedicated to the 125 th anniversary of the outstanding sculptor of the twentieth century. Tretyakov Gallery, with its excellent selection of works by the Queen, is about 30 graphic sheets and 25 sculptural compositions, executed in plaster, wood, bronze and marble.

BD Korolev a bust of Leo Tolstoy. Photo . 1928 BD Korolev a bust of Leo Tolstoy
Photography. 1928

Throughout his life, Boris Danilovich Korolev defended freedom formotvorchestva. An outstanding representative of the Moscow school of sculpture was a graduate class SM Volnukhin at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where he taught and Trubetskoy . On interpreting the heritage of Impressionism show characteristic modeling volume and silhouette and "breathing" texture work B. Queen.

From the late 1910's to the mid 1920's BA Korolev worked in rare for Russian sculptor style of Cubism. He belonged to the circle of avant-garde artists who sincerely believe in the idea of transforming society through culture in post-revolutionary years, he actively participated in the plan of monumental propaganda. But it was his monument to Bakunin (1919) was the first in Soviet art work, destroyed by the formal and stylistic reasons. Possessing all the qualities of the monument, concrete 8-meter figure of Bakunin was the only monument in Moscow, in the spirit kubofuturizma. Among the materials of the period at the exhibition - a significant block of B. The Queen of graphic works (sketches of the Temple of communication of the people, "Architectural Fantasies"), a sculptural sketch of the monument to Bakunin (1918) and a series of fascinating archival photographs commits not survived the work (at the monument to Bakunin Myasnitsky Gates sketch of the monument to Marx).

 Boris Korolev, Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin. 1918. Study the draft of the monument to Moscow BORIS KINGDOM Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bakunin
1918 . Study to project the monument to Moscow

In the mid 1920's, including those under the influence of the historical situation, BA Korolev turned to the realist tradition. To this period belongs a series of sketches a nude female figure, which differ in clarity and density forms. In these images read by a poetic vision of everyday life.

In 1920-30-ies, the period of creative flowering, the sculptor has designed and partially realized its best projects. Leading monumental Soviet era, he participated in all major competitions for monuments, held in the USSR, and created a series of images of "heroes of his time" - Leo Tolstoy, Maxim Gorky, Stalin's. For projects B. Queen monuments to "the fighters of the revolution" in Saratov, N. Bauman Moscow, Lenin Tashkent, Pereslavl on, Lugansk. He designed the sculptural decoration of the Palace of the Soviets, created his own version of "Worker and Collective Farm" for the closed competition in 1936 to create a sculptural group for the Soviet pavilion at the World Exhibition in Paris. In the monumental project master sought to deployed architectural-sculptural form, developed the type of monument with a spatial multi-image compositions, sculptural groups on separate grounds and difficult elaborated pedestal. The exhibition shows not received embodiment of projects monuments: A.. Zhelyabov (1932, stained plaster of Paris), Alexander Pushkin (1937, metal), PI Tchaikovsky (1940, metal), etc.

 BORIS King Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky. sketch to unrealized project for a monument in Moscow. 1940 BORIS KINGDOM Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Sketch to the project unrealized monument to Moscow
1940. Metal

Evolution, which is undergoing a type of monument in the works of B. The Queen in 1920-50-ies, is indicative of the development of Russia's art in general. At various times, the artistic language of work B. The Queen was criticized heavily, but in regard to ideology, his work has generally remained within the mainstream of Soviet art.

In 1940-50-s BA Korolev worked a lot in the genre of easel historical portrait (the portrait of Alexander Pushkin, 1940, a marble portrait of Beethoven, 1952, marble, modeled in plaster 1910).

Demonstration sculptures at the exhibition is accompanied by a graphic work - full-scale studies and sketches, which allow to trace the stages of translating these ideas, as monuments Baumann or Zhelyabov.

BORIS KOROLYOV Seated Nude with hands behind their heads. 1926 BORIS KINGDOM Seated Nude with hands behind their heads. 1926. Metal

Exhibition B. Queen includes interesting documents, including familiarizing with unimplemented projects - for example, a monument "Emancipation of Labor. Bookmark it was held in May 1920 near the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, on the site of the demolished monument to Emperor Alexander III, where he later planned to build a Palace of Soviets. Korolev compiled an interesting profile to assess the proletariat newly created monuments. Archival materials reveal a strong public temperament Boris Queen: he was one of the organizers of the Commission's picturesque sculpture and architectural synthesis "Zhivskulptarh" at Fine Arts College Narcompros and the Society of Russian sculptor (1926-1931), was an assistant master ( Matveev ) for 2-State art workshops.

collection of works by Queen B. different stages of creativity, a fairly complete picture of the Tretyakov Gallery works and documents, is the basis for the study of heritage and history of Russian masters of the sculpture of the first half of the twentieth century.

The exhibition runs until February 14, 2010.

Source: press release of the State Tretyakov Gallery


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