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Italian scientists have found the cause of death of Raphael Santi
ARTinvestment.RU   17 июля 2020

According to experts of the University of Milano-Bicocca, one of the greatest artists of the Italian Objection died of pneumonia and medical errors

experts from the Italian University of Milano-Bicocca has published a study that shed light on the circumstances of the death of Raphael, better known only by name — Rafael. According to the study, the cause of death of the artist, who died at age 37 on 6 April 1520, became a pneumonia, and also wrong chosen doctors treatment.

to come to this conclusion, scientists had to exclude such diagnoses as malaria, typhoid, and syphilis. One side of causes of death called the practice of bloodletting, which probably weakened the affected with fever, the body artist.

To obtain a complete picture of the disease in the last days of the artist's life, experts have compared the information contained in the "Biography" Gianni Vasari, with other contemporaries, who lived at that time in Rome and revolve in the same circles with Rafael. Among the sources of information were, for example, memories of Alfonso Paolucci, Ambassador of the Duke of Ferrara, Alfonso d'este, and the documents rediscovered in the nineteenth century by the art historian Giuseppe Campori. "The disease in combination with other symptoms led us to thinking about what-то form of pneumonia", — said Michele Augusto Riva, researcher of the history of medicine from the University of Milano-Bicocca. "We can't talk about the diagnosis with confidence, @he commented mdas, — and can only be expected if it was a disease of bacterial or viral origin, such as, for example, the current Covid-19, but the diagnosis best fit the known symptoms, including: severe, but not transient course of the disease, no loss of consciousness, lack of gastric-кишечных symptoms and continuing fever."

Separately, the researchers note that, most likely, bloodletting, which was assigned to the artist, — a result of medical errors. The doctors of that time knew that it could be detrimental to patients with pneumonia, however, Rafael was not completely honest with their doctors, and "not knowing the details of the patient's behavior and not being able to better determine the cause of the fever, doctors mistakenly insisted on bloodletting", — emphasizes Riva.

the Results of the study were published in professional medical journal Internal and Emergency Medicine, produced by the Italian society of diseases of internal organs (Società italiana di medicina interna /Simi).


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