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Goncharov Andrey Dmitrievich
1903–1979  

GONCHAROV Andrey Dmitrievich

July 9 (22), 1903 (Moscow) — June 6, 1979 (Moscow)

Graphic artist, painter, book illustrator, scene-designer, teacher


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Гончаров, Андрей Дмитриевич

Biography

GONCHAROV Andrey Dmitrievich

July 9 (22), 1903 (Moscow) — June 6, 1979 (Moscow)

Graphic artist, painter, book illustrator, scene-designer, teacher

Andrey Goncharov studied at the K. F. Yuon and I. O. Dudin School of Painting and Drawing in Moscow (1915–1916). He attended the studio of I. Mashkov (1917–1918). In 1918–1921 Goncharov studied at the State Free Art Studios under the guidance of I. Mashkov, later under A. Shevchenko. In 1921–1927 he was a student of the faculty of graphic art at the Higher State Artistic and Technical Workshops (VKhUTEMAS) — the Higher Art Technical Institute (VKhUTEIN); he studied under N. Kupreyanov and N. Pavlinov, in 1927 — under V. Favorsky. Goncharov was under the influence of Favorsky; he was interested in technique of woodcut due to Favorsky. His graduation work was illustrations to the poem Pugachev by S. Esenin (engravings).

In 1924 Goncharov together with A. Deineka and Y. Pimenov founded Group of Three and participated in the 1st discussion exhibition of groups of the active revolutionary art in Moscow.

Andrey Goncharov was one of the founders of the Society of Easel Artists (OST, 1925–1932). He took part in all four exhibitions of the Society; he exposed both paintings and drawings. Art critics noticed versatility of Goncharov’art: “Andrey Goncharov was not only graphic artist, but a talented painter. In his works, which were exposed at the exhibitions of OST, he approved himself as a gifted colorist and master of drawing.” In contrast to other members of OST, which depicted the modern life, Goncharov chose historical events as a subject of paintings and drawings. At the 4th exhibition of OST he exposed the painting The Death of Marat (1927). In 1928 the first personal exhibition of Goncharov was held in Kazan. In the same year he took part in the All-Union printing exhibition in Moscow. He was awarded diploma of the exhibition.

Goncharov was a member of the society Four Arts (1925–1931), society Oktyabr (“October”, 1930), the Russian Association of Proletarian Artists (RAPKh, 1931). Since 1932 he was a member of Moscow Regional Union of Soviet Artists (MOSSKh).

Since 1920s Goncharov was engaged in book graphic art. He designed books for the State Publishing House (GIZ), the State Publishing House of Children’s Literature (Detgiz), the State Publishing House for Literature (Goslitizdat), the Publishing Houses Iskusstvo (“Art”), Academia, Khudozhestvennaya literatura (“Belletristic literature”), Molodaya Gvardia (“The Young Guard”) and others. Goncharov drew illustrations to the books Monkey and glasses by I. Krylov (1922), The Twelve by A. Blok (1924), The Upas Tree by A. Pushkin (1930) and many others.

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