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Favorsky Vladimir Andreevich
Pseudonyms,autonyms and aliases: Faworsky 1886–1964 Внимание! Продажи данного художника отслеживаются УПРАВИС  

Favorski Vladimir

March 15, 1886 (Moscow) - December 29, 1964 (Moscow)

painter, graphic artist, sculptor.

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Фаворский, Владимир Андреевич


Favorski Vladimir

March 15, 1886 (Moscow) - December 29, 1964 (Moscow)

painter, graphic artist, sculptor.

born in a family lawyer. The first skill in drawing was at home under the guidance of the mother - the artist S. O. Sherwood. In 1903-1905 worked in the school-studio KF Juon, attended evening classes in sculpture at the Stroganov School of Industrial Art.

in 1906-1907 continued his education at a private academy Sh Holloshi in Munich. At the same time he attended lectures K. Voll in philosophy at the University of Munich. He traveled to Italy, Austria and Switzerland. In 1909 he returned to Moscow.

In 1909-1913 he studied in oriental department of History and Philology of Moscow University, defended his thesis on "Giotto and his predecessors. In the same year, together with NB Rosenfeld translated into Russian by A. Hildebrand's work "The problem of form in art».

in 1915-1917 and 1919-1921 he served in the army. In 1918-1919 worked with the puppet theater puppets petrushek and shadows. In 1922 he joined the association "Four Arts. He worked mainly in technology woodcuts. Much to book graphics, designed the "Judgments of Mr. Jerome Kunyara" Anatole France (1918), "the Kremlin. Sverdlovskij Hall "(1921)," Egeria "PP Muratov (1921)," Little House in Kolomna "Alexander Pushkin (1922)," Framar "AP Globa (1923), "The Book of Ruth" (1925), "Stories about animals" Leo Tolstoy (1929), "Stories" BA Pilnyak (1932), " New Life of Dante (1934), "Hamlet, Prince of Danish" William Shakespeare (1941). In 1925, for his woodcuts, he received the Grand Prix at the International Exhibition in Paris.

He created costumes and scenery for productions of "Twelfth Night" by W. Shakespeare (1933) in the Second Moscow Art Theater and "Prayer for Life" by J. Deval (1934) in the Moscow Art Theater. Was also engaged in drawing easel and monumental painting. In 1928, created a series of etchings "The years of revolution. In 1933 completed the frescoes in the Museum of maternity and infancy, in 1937 - songs-sgraffito in the House of patterns in Moscow (not preserved). In 1937 the artist participated in the design of the pavilion of the USSR at the World Exhibition in Paris and was awarded the Grand Prize for this work.

In 1921-1929 he taught in VHUTEMAS (VHUTEINe), headed the Department of the Faculty of graphic woodcuts. In 1923-1925 served as the post of rector of the workshops. In the 1920's wrote several works on the theory of composition and design fonts. In 1930-1934 he was a professor Polygraphic Institute, in 1934-1938 - Professor of Moscow Institute of Fine Arts. In 1936-1941 - advisor to the studio of monumental painting at the All-Russia Academy of Architecture. Among his pupils AA Deineka, Y. Pimenov, AD Goncharov, MI peaks and many others.

During the Great Patriotic War he was evacuated to Central Asia. In the evacuation completed cycle linocut "Samarkand" (1942-1944). In 1942 to 1948 he taught at the department of ceramics at the Moscow Institute of applied and decorative arts. Among the most significant works of the postwar period illustrations of the "Sonnet" by W. Shakespeare (1948), the collection of Robert Burns, translated by S.YA.Marshaka "(1950)," Lay "(1953), Boris Godunov Pushkin (1956).

In 1958 at the World Exhibition in Brussels, was awarded a gold medal for the mosaic of "1905". In 1962 he was awarded the Lenin Prize for his work on the publication of "Little Tragedies" by A. Pushkin. In the same year elected a member of the USSR Academy of Arts. In 1963 he was awarded the title "People's Artist of the USSR».

buried at Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.

Favorski has become known as an outstanding artist books, a virtuosic master of wood engraving. In his work he developed a synthetic conception of the book, involves pooling the story illustrations, font and screen savers in a coherent ensemble. His personal style was formed under the strong influence of Symbolism and Art Nouveau style, but at the same time he absorbed the innovations of the avant-garde artists, particularly Cubism. To work in 1910's - 1930's characterized laconically-expressive symbols, love the black, almost tangible stroke. Since mid-1930's artists have increasingly used the white bar, allowing for more live transmission of light and motion.

Total Favorskogo work hard to fit into the framework of any directions of art of the twentieth century or the Russian avant 1920. However, he headed the institute, developed innovative system of art education, was a reformer of art books.

the master's works are in many museum and private collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum, Pushkin Museum im. Pushkin.

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