ARTinvestment.RU Statistics
25.01.2015
Russian artists 10380
Paintings, sculptures, antiques 158116
Results of Auction Sales 179303
Investment Risk Indicators 10100

en









Interviews with the authors of the film "Desert forbidden art"

ARTinvestment.RU – 14.03.2011,06:51

Igor Savitsky
Igor Savitsky
Source: artinfo.com

Evgeny
Evgeny Lysenko
Bull (Fascism comes).
Source: enews.fergananews.com

Alexander
Alexander Volkov
Teahouse.
Source: enews.fergananews.com

over the weekend in New York's Cinema Village theater last year showed film "Desert forbidden art", which tells about the collection of Igor V. Savitsky (1915-1984), the first director of the Museum of Arts Uzbek city of Nukus. Website ARTINFO.com advantage of this opportunity to interview the creators of tape - Chavdar Georgiev and Amanda Pope (Amanda Pope). ARTinvestment.RU offers a translation of this interesting material.

ARTINFO: Chavdar, you grew up in the USSR. Did you know about the museum in Nukus?

Chavdar Georgiev : I not only had not heard about such a collection, but even the existence of the Nukus no idea. It was a closed city, where produce chemical and biological weapons. About him very little people know about. In Russia, the city of Nukus and Savitsky collection known except that the leading art historians and those who, so to speak professionally connected with the activities of the city.

Amanda Pope : In Washington, for example, building the CIA, too, is not publicized. And then the city where developing chemical weapons. Of course, the Soviet authorities did not want him to someone he knew.

C. G. : And with this in Nukus is the second largest collection of Russian avant-garde art - more than 40,000 paintings and drawings.

ARTINFO: Tell us about the collection in detail. As Igor Savitsky generally managed to collect so much art in times of censorship?

C. G. : He was a crafty, as told to Amanda. A very charming man, absolutely devoted to his hobby. He literally lived in the museum. He's got hung on a hanger one suit, made specifically for the visits of the authorities. When it had come, he put on this costume. He did everything in the museum itself. And when the local office of the Communist Party gave him an apartment, he immediately gave her two conservators from Moscow, who had nowhere to live.

AP : Do Savitsky had no money, but he moved in artistic circles, and walked from one widow to another. His collection of 1920-30's going for almost two decades - since the second half of 1960 until his death in 1984. So, he went to look at the pictures, asked the widows to deploy them - they saw that he really loves art, that he is a true connoisseur. And they wanted their husbands' work on display at the museum. What we are really touched when we were working on the film - so this is how deep into the Russian people who laid the love for art. They are not interested in the auction value of work - it is important that the picture came to the museum to see its people.

ARTINFO: What are the outstanding works boasts a collection of Savitzky?

C. G. : There is absolutely stunning works of artists from Moscow and St. Petersburg, but the real gems - a product of the so-called "Oriental Avant-garde" artists, who came from Moscow, from Petersburg, even from Siberia - to build a new society in Central Asia. And Central Asia was for them as Tahiti for Gauguin: luxurious colors, Islam, Sufism, the Silk Road ... In their work the influence of Islam united with European modernism and the Russian avant-garde. And so came this startling new movement in art that have not seen anywhere except in Uzbekistan.

AP : The artists are portrayed camels in the desert - but the camels in the cubist style. Interesting, unique style. We hope that the Uzbek government can be persuaded to really "recognize" this collection and make some efforts to promote it - now she can say is hidden from everyone - and that Nukus works will be exhibited, so that you can show them in other museums. This can be easily arranged, if the government is ready to cooperate.

ARTINFO: As far as I know, the director of the museum (Marinika Babanazarova. - AI.) Already approached some western art dealers with offers to sell works from the collection. Was not she tempted to put some items in the market to the money to take care of the rest of the meeting?

AP : As for the temptation - I do not think, but the proposals were of course. Another thing is that the Art Museum in Nukus - the state, and she can simply order to sell a particular exhibit.

C. G. : If tomorrow comes daughter of the president and say, "Oh, what a beautiful decoration!", then what can you do?

ARTINFO: Do you have favorite pieces in the collection Savitsky?

AP : Yes. "Purple road» Ural Tansykbaev .

C. G. : I have two favorite paintings. The first - a "bull" of the painter Eugene Lysenko, also known as "Fascism is coming." The image of a bull with a rifle barrels instead of the eyes had seen him in a dream. Work can be seen only in the Nukus Museum. The artist called it "fascism comes, as it is being - is written in the expressionist, avant-garde style - looks truly frightening. This work was prophetic: after a while broke Stalin's repressions. A second favorite painting, titled "Teahouse" was performed Alexander Volkov , a Russian artist, born in Uzbekistan . It is curious that we have not seen it on the wall of the museum and in storage. That's an incredible painting of Uzbeks over tea. True, they drink tea in the background of a portrait of Lenin - the work was created in Soviet times, and without Lenin, of course, was not enough. As we now have in America without Obama. A picture of Lenin, now in Uzbekistan is not in favor, so the work is mired in the store and visitors to admire it can not. It can only be seen in the film.

AP : This is the thing at an early Picasso. Absolutely amazing picture. And the fact that she is now in the store just because of a portrait of Lenin on the wall ...

ARTINFO: Art is still very much depends on the policy.

AP: Yes, they are still "tied". Life Savitsky, the collecting of his activities - everywhere policy played a central role. And now the same situation.

P. S. Nukus museum has experienced an extremely unfriendly to the artistic vanguard of the Soviet era, but now his fate is unclear. Recently, the Director Marinika Babanazarova not even released from the country to film in the Washington National Gallery.

Interview: Kate Daymlin (Kate Deimling), ARTINFO.com

Translation Julia Maksimova, AI

Source: artinfo.com , artinvestment.ru

Official Website of the collection of Igor Savitsky .

Official website of the film "Desert of the forbidden art" .

Read more about the life and work Savitskiy see here .




0
Нравится

ARTinvesment.RU в Facebook






Recommend to visitARTinvestment.RU RSS –

   Auctions:

See lots upcoming auctions

  • January 29, 2015. 19:00
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 45. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs and photos»

  • February 5th, 2015
    Nikitsky Lane Rare Books (Moscow)
    «Rare books, archives of poets and writers, autographs, photographs»

  • February 7, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Rare books and manuscripts»

  • February 12, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 46. «Rare Russian posters»

  • February 25, 2015
    Auction house "Kabinet" (Moscow)
    Auction number 28 (80) . "Old and rare books, prints, photographs»

  • February 26, 2015
    Auction house "Kabinet" (Moscow)
    Auction number 28 (81). "Russian paintings and drawings XIX - XX centuries»

  • February 21, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    Online auction "Russian Book XIX - XX centuries»

  • February 26, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 47. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, photos, and state papers»

  • March 12, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 48. Painting, drawing, decorative and applied art

  • March 21, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "The whole world - theater: books, autographs, sketches, graphics»

  • March 26, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 49. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, pictures and posters»

  • April 10, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Painting, drawing, decorative and applied arts»

  • April 16, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 50. «70th anniversary of our victory." Jubilee auction "In Nikitsky»

  • April 24, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Rare and valuable books and autographs»

  • May 23, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Two centuries photos»

  • May 27, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 51. «I love you, Peter's creation." By the day of the founding of St. Petersburg

  • June 17, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 52. «Painting, drawing, decorative and applied arts»

  • June 18, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 53. «Russian traveler. Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, pictures and posters »

  • June 27, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Rare books and manuscripts XVII - XX centuries»

  • 9 July 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 54. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, pictures and posters»

  • August 20, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow) »
    Auction № 55. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, pictures and posters»

  • September 17, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 56. «Paintings, drawings and objects of arts and crafts»

  • September 19, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    Online auction "Books, manuscripts, drawings, posters»

  • September 24, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 57. «Rare books, manuscripts, autographs, pictures and posters»

  • October 10, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Rare and valuable books, documents, manuscripts»

  • October 19, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 58. «For the 170th anniversary of the Russian Geographical Society»

  • October 31, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Painting, drawing, decorative and applied arts»

  • November 7, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 59. «By the day of the October Revolution»

  • November 21, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    "Russian books of the twentieth century»

  • November 28, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 60. «Russian poetry of XX century. By the 145th anniversary of the birth of Alexander Blok »

  • December 10, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 61. «Painting, drawing, decorative and applied arts»

  • December 17, 2015
    "House of antique books in Nikitsky" (Moscow)
    Auction № 62. «Rare Russian books, autographs, pictures and posters»

  • December 19, 2015
    Auction house "Antiquarium" (Moscow)
    Christmas auction "Russian history in books, autographs and documents»



   Exhibition:

New ArticlesARTinvestment.RU RSS –

Interview with the Director of the French auction house ADER David Nordmann about the new Department of Art and history"
19.01.2015,16:55

On the first trading organized a new unit 19 December 2014, and further "Russian" plans of the French auction

Results — 2014. Auctions — leaders of the Russian market
14.01.2015,17:50

Distribution of Russian auctions in the segment of paintings and drawings by sales in 2014

Meet BRAFA 2015. The cultural heritage Foundation King Baudouin will show "Belgian collector"
13.01.2015,09:42

Interview with Dominique Alarm — Director of Foundation King Baudouin, honorary guest of the fair BRAFA (Brussels)

"Antiquarium" on December 21. Summary
26.12.2014,14:10

Specialized trades "Rare and valuable books and manuscripts XVI — XX centuries" has completed the first full auction house "Antiquarium". Bibliophiles sold out 36,7 % of the lots catalog — the most interesting specimens of a large variety of assignments

Results — 2014. The most expensive artists of the orbit of Russian art in the world
26.12.2014,11:00

The total value of the top-12 works of artists of the orbit of Russian art at auctions worldwide exceeds 149 million $ @there are almost 10 times more than the annual sales of all auction market of Russia

Pre-auction "Russian enamel" on December 20. Summary
25.12.2014,16:35

Record the number of lots and part-time participants. Sold on to 3.56 million (44.4 % from the mean estimate). Picture lubarov went three times more expensive than the estimate — 350 thousand rubles

Results — 2014. Top-10 works at auction in Russia
25.12.2014,15:30

For the first time in recent years in the top not only works-миллионников, but even things close up to the mark of one million dollars

Bid "Nikita" on December 18. Summary
25.12.2014,15:20

Top-лотом was the album of drawings and watercolors of Russian artists (including Bryullov and Fedotova) — bought it for 5 million rubles

Art NewsARTinvestment.RU RSS – Art News

In Italy returned more than 5,000 illegally exported artifacts
23.01.2015,15:40

Vases, bronze statues and frescoes worth about 50 million euros were found during searches in Swiss vaults criminal art-дилера Gianfranco Baccini

Jeff Koons was accused of plagiarism advertising photography Naf-Naf
23.01.2015,14:35

The artist sued the author of the original photos for the advertising campaign of the brand service Naf-Naf Frank Davidovich: Koons borrowed the plot of the picture "Fait d'Hiver" for his sculptures 1988

ArtClaim — new database of lost, stolen and controversial works of art
19.01.2015,15:53

Today started working a new website www.artclaim.com from the former Director of the Art Loss Register Christopher Marinello. The new database has the function of image recognition and more than 500 data fields on each job

Sotheby's won the case about the painting, attributed to Caravaggio
16.01.2015,18:10

In early 2013, Lancelot William Thwaites accused the auction house in the incorrect attribution of paintings "Sharper". The plaintiff sold the painting at auction at Sotheby's for 42 thousand pounds as copy, but the new owner called her original 10 million

The artist put a fake in the Museum exhibition as part of the art-проекта "Made in China"
14.01.2015,16:04

Visitors Picture gallery Dulwich in London artist Doug Fishbone proposes to guess what kind of Museum exhibits (and in the gallery collection-paintings by Rembrandt, Raphael, Rubens, and others) was replaced by a fake

Christie's and Sotheby's again issue guarantees on expensive items
14.01.2015,13:57

This may testify as to strengthen market and on the reduction of the amount of Commission auction houses, which forces them to risk

Failed robbery in Paris: the thief had to give extraction in the Museum
14.01.2015,12:50

From the Museum of decorative arts in Paris, someone had tried to steal the sculpture by Giambologna. However, the guards noticed the loss, and eventually the sculpture did not have time to leave the walls of the institution: it was soon found in the toilet Museum

The painting was bought for 5 thousand dollars a year and a half ago, was the work of John constable
13.01.2015,16:10

We are talking about the beautiful sketch constable "view from the meadows on the Salisbury Cathedral" from the collection of the Tate. Sketch, bought for 5 $ 300 at Christie's in summer 2013, will be offered at Sotheby's on 29 January with an estimate of 2-3 million dollars

Congratulations with the New, 2015 year!
01.01.2015,00:00

Congratulations with the New, 2015 year!

Kandinsky gave Pavel Pepperstein
12.12.2014,14:45

Pavel Pepperstein became a laureate of the "Kandinsky Prize 2014" project "Holy policy". Winner in the category "Young artist. Project of the year" was albert soldiers video "Balthus"

Italians have stopped the sale of 4500-летней figurines at Christie's
11.12.2014,16:10

Marble statuette of the goddess-матери bronze age, apparently, was illegally exported from Sardinia. She was supposed to appear at auction on December 11, with an estimate of up to $ 1.2 million

Stolen from the Roman Museum, the sculpture was found in the Luggage
10.12.2014,16:15

The sculpture "the Sick child" Italian impressionist, Medardo Rosso, stolen from the National gallery of modern art in Rome, has been in storage for Museum visitors

News Archive

Exhibitions of works of artARTinvestment.RU RSS – Exhibitions of works of art

"Adventures of the black square" in London
23.01.2015,12:16

At London's Whitechapel gallery, an exhibition of over one hundred works of a hundred masters and artists of the twentieth century, among which Malevich, Rodchenko, Popova, El Lissitzky, Carl Andre, Dan flavin and Piet Mondrian

Exhibition "PROзавод" at the Center of photography Lumiere brothers
16.01.2015,17:30

Industrial history, told through photography, collage and film

Sketches and photographs from the collections of the St. Petersburg Theatre of the Museum on exhibition in London
16.01.2015,16:28

In the Gallery of Russian art and design GRAD (London), an exhibition, devoted to the experimental ballet Dmitri Shostakovich's "Bolt"

A. P. Chekhov from the South Vashchenko. Transformation time
13.01.2015,14:53

In the exhibition organized by the gallery ГРОСart and "Theatre "School of dramatic art" presents a series of 34 lithographs. The exhibition opens tomorrow and is timed to the premiere showing of the play by A. P. Chekhov's "the Cherry orchard" directed by Igor Yatsko

"Grigory Ugryumov. 1764-1823"
11.01.2015,10:00

In the Russian Museum exhibition to 250-летию birthday of one of the masters of Russian painting — Grigory Ugryumov

The exhibition on the Higher passes in Berlin
10.01.2015,10:10

In the Berlin Museum, "Martin-Гропиус-Бау" exhibition "VKHUTEMAS — Russian laboratory of modernity. Architectural projects 1920-30-х years"

"Francis bacon and the legacy of the past" in the Hermitage
09.01.2015,10:00

The exhibition presents thirteen paintings of Francis bacon from the collection of the Center for visual arts Sainsbury, University of East Anglia

A retrospective of Alexander Samokhvalov in the Russian Museum
08.01.2015,10:25

Personal exhibition of works by one of the most famous Soviet artists dedicated to the 120th-летию birthday. The exhibition presents more than 250 works

Archives of icons and monuments of ancient Church in the Russian Museum
07.01.2015,10:00

The exhibition, which exhibited approximately 600 works, devoted to the 100-летию since the opening of Archives

"Winter's tale" in Radischevskaya Museum
06.01.2015,10:00

Presented at the exhibition in Saratov Museum of paintings, drawings and ceramics make colorful and varied to reveal images of the Russian winter

"Marc Riboud. World alphabet"
05.01.2015,10:00

Multimedia Art Museum presents an exhibition of classic world pictures, famous French photographer Marc Riboud. The exhibition includes more than 160 photos

"The Museum predictions" in the MMSI
04.01.2015,11:05

Thematic exhibition of works from the collection of Moscow Museum of modern art on the occasion of 15-летия

News Archive

Auctions of artARTinvestment.RU RSS – Auctions of art

The results of the auction ARTinvestment.RU No. 61. Gluckman — 1 200 000. Sold 30 %
23.01.2015,17:45

Opinion AI: problem today on the side of the sellers. Until the people, remembering the old rates will entertain illusions, sales will stall. And buyers at normal prices there, it can be seen at the rates

Rare books on travel in Russia at auction In Nikitsky"
23.01.2015,16:53

on January 29, the house of the Nikitsky" opens the season 2015 the auction, in which participants will be offered the rare books, manuscripts, autographs and pictures, including those associated with the geographical discoveries and travels in Russia

Christie's: results 2014
23.01.2015,14:11

Total revenue from sales amounted to 5.1 billion pounds (8.4 billion$) — this is a record for Christie's, and for any other auction house

Open 61-е auction Auction AI
19.01.2015,17:55

The catalog contains landscapes, portraits, Nudes, genre and abstract works

Published indicators of investment risk for the trading Millon & Associes (Paris, France) January 23, 2015
19.01.2015,15:17

The expert Council ARTinvestment.RU appropriated indicators of investment risk, some of the works included in the auction catalog Millon & Associes (Paris, France) January 23, 2015

Venetian landscape by Claude Monet 20-30 million pounds at Sotheby's
16.01.2015,16:55

Sotheby's is top-лот London evening auction "the Impressionists and the art of the twentieth century," February 3, 2015 — canvas of Claude Monet's "Grand canal", written in 1908

The results of the auction ARTinvestment.RU No. 60. Piles — 800 000. Fonvizin — 210 000. Sold 20 %
16.01.2015,16:11

In conditions of economic decline, many wealthy people decided not to break traditions and extended new year holiday. Well, those who more safely, even in difficult times make excellent acquisition

"Antiquarium" — 2014. top 10 auction sales of antique books
13.01.2015,17:20

Top ten most expensive books sold in the auction house "Antiquarium" in 2014 is almost entirely accounted publications in geography and much-loved in the past, "types"

Open 60-е auction Auction AI
13.01.2015,14:10

The first in 2015 trades AI Auction open. The catalog contains landscapes, portraits, still lifes, genre scenes and abstract works

The results of the auction ARTinvestment.RU No. 59. Vinogradov and Dubossarsky — 500 000. Siddur — 200 000. Sold 45 %
19.12.2014,16:10

This year leave on a positive note. Next time we will meet on the 12th of January 2015 @there on the opening day of our 60-го auction

Auction "Antiquarium" December 21,
19.12.2014,11:31

"Antiquarium" will be offered on new year's eve auction nearly 400 lots, presenting the history of typographic culture from rarities XVI — XVIII centuries and unique books of the nineteenth century to editions first quarter of the twentieth century and the Russian emigration

Pre-auction "Russian enamel" — December 20,
16.12.2014,15:15

This auction will be a record number of lots, representing a diversity of Antiques and collectibles. Pre-auction exhibition runs until December 20 from 11:00 to 19:00 (20 December-13:00)

News Archive

IndexDateVal.Ch.
13/011849.37-0.06%
21/013457.71+0.14%
Registration
ARTinvestment.RU -- Art News
 



  1. Mark Rothko : $ 86 , 9000000
  2. : $ 60 million
  3. Wassily Kandinsky : $ 23 million
  4. Alexei Jawlensky : £ 9,4 млн
  5. Chaim Soutine : $ 18 million
  6. Marc Chagall : $ 16,3 млн
  7. Nicholas Roerich : £ 7,9 млн
  8. Nikolai Fechin : £ 6,9 млн
  9. Natalia Goncharova : £ 6,43 млн
  10. Nicolas de Stael : € 7,000,000
  11. Tamara de Lempicka : $ 8,48 млн
  12. Ilya Mashkov : £ 4,76 млн
  13. Ilya Repin : £ 4,52 млн
  14. Boris Kustodiev : £ 4,4 млн
  15. Arshile Gorky < /a>: $ 6,8 млн
  16. Vasily Polenov < /a>: £ 4,07 млн ​​
  17. Konstantin Somov Konstantin : £ 3,7 млн ​​
  18. Sonia Delaunay : € 4 , 59000000
  19. Ivan Aivazovsky : £ 3230000
  20. Ilya Kabakov : £ 2,932 млн
  21. : $ 4,67 млн ​​
  22. Alexander Yakovlev : £ 2,82 млн
  23. Vladimir Baranov-Rossini : £ 2 , 73000000
  24. Vasily Vereshchagin : £ 2 , 28000000
  25. Yuri Annenkov : £ 2,26 млн
  26. Mikhail Larionov : £ 2,26 млн

  1. Francis Bacon : $ 142,4 млн
  2. Edvard Munch : $ 119.9 million
  3. Pablo Picasso : $ 106,5 млн
  4. Andy Warhol : $ 105.4 million
  5. : $ 104 3,000,000
  6. Gustav Klimt : $ 87,936 млн
  7. Mark Rothko : $ 86,9 млн
  8. Barnett Newman : $ 84,2 млн
  9. Vincent van Gogh : $ 82,500 million
  10. Claude Monet : $ 80,45 млн
  11. Pierre-Auguste Renoir : $ 78,100 million
  12. Andy Warhol : $ 71,720 million
  13. Paul Cezanne : $ 60,502 млн
  14. ->

  1. Jeff Koons: $58,4 million
  2. Gerhard Richter: $37,1 million
  3. Jasper Johns: $36 million
  4. ed Rushey: $30,4 million
  5. Christopher Wool: $26,5 million
  6. Zeng Fanchzhi: $23,3 million
  7. Damien Hirst: USD 19.2 million
  8. Peter Doig: $18 million
  9. Takashi Murakami: $15,16 million
  10. Zhang Xiaogang: $10,16 million
  11. Bruce Nauman: us $9.9 million
  1. Alberto Giacometti: $104,3 million
  2. Amedeo Modigliani: $70,7 million
  3. Jeff Koons: $58,4 million
  4. Henri Matisse: $48,8 million
  5. Constantin Brancusi: $37,2 million
  6. Henry Moore: $30,1 million
  7. Willem de Kooning: $29,2 million
  8. Pablo Picasso: $29,2 million
  9. Adrian de Vries: $27,9 million
  10. Alexander Calder: $25,9 million
  11. David Smith: $23,8 million
  12. Yves Klein: $22 million
  13. Auguste Rodin: $18,97 million
  14. Edgar Degas: $18,82 million
  15. Takashi Murakami: $15,16 million
  16. Donald Judd: $14,16 million
  17. Paul Gauguin: $11,28 million
  18. Louise Bourgeois: $10,7 million
  19. Bruce Nauman: $9,9 million
  20. Aristide Maillol: $8,37 million
  21. Maurizio Cattelan: $7,92 million
  22. CY Twombly: $7,7 million
  23. Julio Gonzalez: $7,45 million
  24. Marino Marini: $7,15 million
  25. URS Fischer: $6,8 million